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Table 3 Endpoint serum fat-soluble vitamin concentrations (n = 21)

From: Fish-oil esters of plant sterols differ from vegetable-oil sterol esters in triglycerides lowering, carotenoid bioavailability and impact on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) concentrations in hypercholesterolemic subjects

  PS-SO2 PS-OO PS-FO P value3
Retinol (μg/dL) 65.0 ± 2.31, ab 64.7 ± 2.1a 70.2 ± 2.3b 0.0244
β-carotenes (μg/dL) 36.2 ± 3.4a 35.8 ± 3.3ab 42.0 ± 4.5b 0.0169
α-tocopherol (μg/dL) 1773 ± 138 1901 ± 117 1764 ± 142 0.2108
  1. 1Values are mean ± SEs.
  2. 2 PS-SO: plant sterols esterified with sunflower oil fatty acids; PS-OO: plant sterols esterified with olive oil fatty acids; PS-FO: plant sterols esterified with fish oil fatty acids
  3. 3 P values obtained by repeated-measures ANOVA.
  4. a, bValues not sharing a common superscript letter are significantly different at P < 0.05.