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Table 2 Biochemical markers following ingestion of high-fat meal & exercise

From: Exercise and postprandial lipaemia: effects on peripheral vascular function, oxidative stress and gastrointestinal transit

    Mean Interval (± S.D)  
Variable Baseline Pre-ingestion 2 h-post ingestion 4 h-post ingestion 6-h post ingestion
Control      
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.74 ± 0.99 3.07 ± 1.2 3.63 ± 1.23 3.81 ± 0.42 3.75 ± 0.62
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.21 ± 0.67 1.88 ± 0.48 1.83 ± 0.57 1.91 ± 0.39 2.02 ± 0.3
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.15 ± 0.35 0.92 ± 0.65 1.16 ± 0.43 1.27 ± 0.55 1.22 ± 0.45
triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.68 ± 0.23 0.55 ± 0.26 1.14 ± 0.22 1.40 ± 0.70 0.87 ± 0.19
CRP (mg/L) 1.24 ± 1.28 0.71 ± 0.39 0.92 ± 0.65 0.95 ± 0.87 1.19 ± 1.25
glucose (mmol/L) 5.06 ± 0.38 4.9 ± 0.28 4.51 ± 0.24 5.06 ± 0.18 N/A
LOOH (μM) 1.52 ± 0.39 2.26 ± 1.10 2.13 ± 0.91* 2.46 ± 1.20* 1.77 ± 0.8
Systolic BP (mmHg) 128 ± 3.2 129.8 ± 8.6 132.9 ± 6.8 130.5 ± 5.0 N/A
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 76.6 ± 6.1 76.2 ± 9.1 75.7 ± 5.9 73.5 ± 7.9 N/A
Exercise      
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.93 ± 0.91 3.63 ± 1.02 4.06 ± 0.92 3.73 ± 1.11 3.58 ± 1.25
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.37 ± 0.64 2.25 ± 0.71 2.08 ± 0.49 2.01 ± 0.54 2.09 ± 0.66
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.16 ± 0.33 1.07 ± 0.26 1.18 ± 0.36 1.04 ± 0.48 1.00 ± 0.47
triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.68 ± 0.24 0.51 ± 0.23 1.18 ± 0.24 0.93 ± 0.46 0.66 ± 0.27
CRP (mg/L) 1.28 ± 0.85 1.08 ± 0.83 1.26 ± 0.88 1.24 ± 0.83 1.26 ± 0.88
glucose (mmol/L) 4.95 ± 0.29 4.59 ± 0.26† 4.76 ± 0.41 4.98 ± 0.27 N/A
LOOH (μM) 1.19 ± 0.25 0.97 ± 0.36 2.28 ± 0.90† 2.13 ± 1.19 1.44 ± 0.57
Systolic BP (mmHg) 131.4 ± 4.5 130.1 ± 4.7 131.8 ± 4.9 135 ± 6.3 N/A
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 76.8 ± 6.8 73.9 ± 7.8 70.9 ± 4.9 77.6 ± 5.6 N/A
  1. * P = < 0.05 vs. baseline control trial; † P = < 0.05 vs. baseline exercise trial
  2. Re: triglycerides n = 7 subjects as an outlier was removed