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Table 1 Socio-demographic, clinical and lifestyle characteristics of the participants by cholesterol levels.

From: Increased body mass and depressive symptomatology are associated with hypercholesterolemia, among elderly individuals; results from the MEDIS study

  Normal cholesterol levels
(n= 536)
Hypercholesterolemia
(n= 625)
p
Age (years) 74.6 ± 7.6 73.4 ± 6.2 0.004
Male gender (%) 56 39 < 0.001
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 4.5 29.5 ± 4.9 < 0.001
Education level (yrs. of school) 6.02 ± 3.4 5.76 ± 3.0 0.183
Physical activity (%) 37.5 34.5 0.290
Current or former smoker (%) 19 10 < 0.001
MedDietScore (0–55) 33.6 ± 4.0 33.5 ± 4.0 0.812
Alcohol (> 6 gr ethanol/day,%) 46 33 < 0.001
Hypertension (%) 57 76 < 0.001
Obesity (%) 24.8 42.9 < 0.001
Diabetes (%) 17 25 < 0.001
Geriatric Depression Scale (0–15) 7.6 ± 4.4 8.7 ± 4.2 0.002
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 112.4 ± 41.2 141.7 ± 67.7 < 0.001
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 115.8 ± 41.1 116.3 ± 41.5 0.884
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 139.1 ± 17.6 139.1 ± 17.1 0.979
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 78.7 ± 9.4 79.9 ± 9.4 0.039