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Table 1 Effects of Spirulina maxima on biochemical parameters during sub-chronic lead exposure in rats.

From: Protective effects of Spirulina maxima on hyperlipidemia and oxidative-stress induced by lead acetate in the liver and kidney

  Experimental Groups
Variable Control LAwS LAS
Aminotransferase    
   Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (U/L)a 28.76 ± 5.84 46.51 ± 4.04b 31.72 ± 4.72c
Plasma Lipids (mg/dL)    
   Total Cholesterol (TC)a 80.07 ± 2.54 107.83 ± 2.69b 82.99 ± 12.70c
   Triacylglycerols (TAG)a 91.13 ± 2.45 125.24 ± 4.43b 94.35 ± 5.09c
Liver Lipids (μg/mgLip)    
   Total Cholesterol (CT)a 133.49 ± 10.73 174.18 ± 13.13b 134.32 ± 10.76c
   Triacylglycerols (TAG)a 65.05 ± 6.84 197.93 ± 9.05b 70.25 ± 11.22c
   Total Lipids (TL) (mgLip/g Liver) 48.98 ± 2.38 52.47 ± 3.27 49.40 ± 3.28
  1. Values are mean ± SD (n = 6); in each group. LA (Lead acetate, 75 mg). Control (no LA and without Spirulina), LAwS (LA without Spirulina); LAS (LA with Spirulina)
  2. ap < 0.05, Significantly different. ANOVA.
  3. bp < 0.05, LAwS group compared with the Control group. Bonferroni test.
  4. cp < 0.05, LAwS group compared with the LAS group. Bonferroni test.