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Table 3 Lipids subclasses across weight maintenance.

From: Comparison of a reduced carbohydrate and reduced fat diet for LDL, HDL, and VLDL subclasses during 9-months of weight maintenance subsequent to weight loss

Reduced Carbohydrate Reduced Fat  
  3-mon 6-mon 12-mon Difference 12-3 mon 3-mon 6-mon 12-mon Difference 12-3 mon p
LDL          
Mean LDL Size (nm) 20.9 ± 0.7a 21.5 ± 0.8b 21.2 ± 0.7b 0.03* 20.9 ± 0.4 21.0 ± 0.7 21.0 ± 0.8 0.1 0.228
Total LDL 1076 ± 228 1131 ± 328 1189 ± 340 113 1176 ± 333 1261 ± 481 1309 ± 494 133 0.945
Large LDL 372 ± 178a 544 ± 260b 486 ± 202b 114* 373 ± 120 423 ± 139 416 ± 185 43 0.131
Small LDL 663 ± 196 547 ± 382 671 ± 364 8 737 ± 260 782 ± 480 814 ± 564 77 0.347
Medium-Small LDL 133 ± 37 111 ± 78 139 ± 79 6 152 ± 52 162 ± 99 177 ± 123 25 0.407
Very-Small LDL 530 ± 163 436 ± 304 532 ± 287 2 585 ± 208 621 ± 382 637 ± 441 52 0.334
HDL          
Mean HDL Size (nm) 9.2 ± 0.4 9.3 ± 0.4 9.15 ± 0.4 -0.05 9.1 ± 0.3 9.0 ± 0.4 9.1 ± 0.4 0 0.282
Total HDL 25.7 ± 4.3a 33.0 ± 5.9b 36.3 ± 5.7c 10.6* 27.6 ± 3.6a 34.7 ± 6.0b 37.4 ± 4.6c 9.8* 0.845
Large HDL 5.9 ± 1.9a 8.2 ± 3.0b 8.8 ± 3.3b 2.9* 6.1 ± 2.1a 7.6 ± 3.4b 8.6 ± 4.0b 2.5* 0.530
Medium HDL 3.6 ± 2.6 2.5 ± 3.2 2.7 ± 2.8 -0.9 4.0 ± 2.5 4.9 ± 3.8 4.8 ± 3.5 0.8 0.112
Small HDL 16.2 ± 4.3a 22.3 ± 4.9b 24.8 ± 5.0c 8.6* 17.5 ± 3.9a 22.2 ± 6.5b 24.0 ± 5.2b 6.5* 0.441
VLDL          
Mean VLDL Size (nm) 43.1 ± 3.5a 44.6 ± 5.1a 48.4 ± 9.9b 5.3* 43.8 ± 5.6 47.3 ± 7.4 47.7 ± 11.8 3.9 0.445
Total VLDL 44.3 ± 26.5 49.4 ± 28.5 50.5 ± 29.8 6.2 56.2 ± 30.0a 77.1 ± 32.2b 76.0 ± 30.1b 19.8* 0.194
Large VLDL 0.7 ± 0.8a 0.6 ± 0.8a 1.5 ± 1.9b 0.8* 1.7 ± 2.5a 3.7 ± 3.9b 3.5 ± 4.9b 1.8* 0.044
Medium VLDL 13.3 ± 11.5 11.7 ± 10.0 15.5 ± 13.3 2.2 17.5 ± 13.5a 26.9 ± 13.5b 25.6 ± 16.5b 8.1* 0.049
Small VLDL 30.3 ± 16.8 37.1 ± 21.3 33.5 ± 18.8 3.2 37.0 ± 17.4a 46.5 ± 17.4b 46.9 ± 16.9b 9.9* 0.590
  1. Mean ± SD. All units are nmol/L unless otherwise noted above.
  2. *Significant change within group. Different subscripts indicate where within group changes occurred.
  3. p- Group*time interaction with control for individual subclass and body weight at the beginning of maintenance.