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Table 2 Antiathrogenic effects of HDL/apolipoprotein AI

From: Gene activation regresses atherosclerosis, promotes health, and enhances longevity

Efflux and reverse transport of cholesterol
Anti-inflammatory
  - inhibition of the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecules
  - stimulation of endothelial NO production
Antioxidative  
  - inhibition of oxidative modification of LDL
Antithrombotic  
  - inhibition of platelet aggregation
  - fibrinolysis
  - increase of prostacyclin production
Facilitation of endothelial cell function and repair
Inhibition of apoptosis of endothelial cells