Skip to main content

Table 1 Offspring liver fatty acid composition

From: Alpha linolenic acid in maternal diet halts the lipid disarray due to saturated fatty acids in the liver of mice offspring at weaning

    Fatty acid abundance (mol %)
Fatty acids in liver lipids RD SFA ALA DHA EPA
Saturated fatty acids     
14:00 Myrisitic acid 1.0 ± 0.1 0.8 ± 0.07 0.8 ± 0.08 0.6 ± 0.07 0.7 ± 0.06
16:00 Palmitic acid 21.4 ± 1.9 19.6 ± 1.8 20.6 ± 1.8 19.4 ± 1.6 19.9 ± 2.0
18:00 Stearic acid 17.7 ± 1.1 22.4 ± 2.0 19.4 ± 2.1 18.6 ± 1.8 21.6 ± 1.8
Total SFAs 40.2 ± 2.9 42.8 ± 3.9 40.9 ± 2.5 38.7 ± 3.4 42.3 ± 3.9
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA)     
16:1ω-7 Palmitoleic acid 0.4 ± 0.05 0.7 ± 0.08 0.5 ± 0.06 0.5 ± 0.06 0.7 ± 0.08
18:1 ω -9 Oleic acid 9.2 ± 0.9 10.1 ± 1.1 7.1 ± 0.8 6.3 ± 0.5 7.6 ± 0.8
Total MUFA 9.6 ± 0.9 10.9 ± 0.9 7.7 ± 0.7 6.8 ± 0.5 8.3 ± 0.7
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)     
18:2 ω6 Linoleic 27.4 ± 1.9a 15.4 ± 1.4b 17.0 ± 1.5b 13.6 ± 1.4b 14.8 ± 1.5b
18:3 ω6 γ- Linolenic acid 0.4 ± 0.05a 0.1 ± 0.01b 0.1 ± 0.01b 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0
20:4 ω6 Arachidonic acid 11.3 ± 1.3a 16.5 ± 1.5b 12.2 ± 1.1a 9.5 ± 0.8c 8.2 ± 0.8c
Total n-6 PUFA 39.2 ± 3.9a 32.2 ± 3.2a 29.4 ± 2.9a,b 23.3 ± 2.3b 23.0 ± 2.2b
18:3 ω3 α-Linolenic acid 1.1 ± 0.1a 0.1 ± 0.01b 1.7 ± 0.2a 0.1 ± 0.01b 0.2 ± 0.02b
20:5 ω3 Eicosapentenoic acid 0.4 ± 0.03 0.4 ± 0.04 3.1 ± 0.03 2.1 ± 0.2 7.1 ± 0.5
22:6 ω3 Docosahexenoic acid 9.3 ± 0.9 13.3 ± 1.2 16.9 ± 1.7 28.7 ± 2.5 18.7 ± 1.9
Total ω n-3 PUFA 10.9 ± 1.1a 13.9 ± 1.2a 21.9 ± 2.2b 31.0 ± 3.1c 26.1 ± 2.5c
Total PUFA 50.1 ± 4.9 46.2 ± 4.6 51.3 ± 4.8 54.3 ± 4.9 49.2 ± ±4.7
  1. Fatty acids are expressed as mole %. Fatty acids changed among the different maternal dietary treatments appear in bold. Means (n = 7) without a common letter (a, b or c) difference p < 0.05 between the maternal dietary treatments indicated in the x-axis, as described in Methods.