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Table 2 Maternal diet composition

From: Alpha linolenic acid in maternal diet halts the lipid disarray due to saturated fatty acids in the liver of mice offspring at weaning

A   Dietary composition (g%)   
   Maternal diet   
Protein   20.1   
Carbohydrate   53.8   
Fat *   6   
Other‡   20.1   
Total   100   
Calories from Fat (%) 12.6   
B    Fatty acid abundance (mol%)
Maternal diets   RD SFA ALA DHA EPA
Saturated fatty acids      
14:00 Myrsitic acid 0.18 8.11 0.1 0.27 0
16:00 Palmitic acid 11.78 14.8 4.17 6.86 5.49
18:00 Stearic acid 4.1 12.03 7.7 2.3 1.82
Total SFAs   16.07 34.93 11.97 9.42 7.31
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA)    
16:1ω-7 Palmitoleic acid 0.22 0.25 0.1 0.3 0.13
18:1ω-9 Oleic acid 24.97 18.34 16.52 13.45 10.53
Total MUFA   25.19 18.59 16.62 13.75 10.66
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)     
18:2ω-6 Linoleic   52.09 41.06 16.64 25.74 20.21
18:3ω-6 Gamma linolenic acid 0.29 0.22 0.26 0 0
20:4ω-6 Arachidonic acid 0.47 0.36 0.15 0.31 0.21
Total ω-6 PUFA   52.85 41.64 17.05 26.05 20.42
18:3ω-3 Alpha linolenic acid 5.42 3.91 54.04 2.25 1.84
20:5ω-3 Eicosapentenoic acid 0.22 0.39 0.14 0.32 59.43
22:6ω-3 Docosahexenoic acid 0.25 0.54 0.19 48.2 0.33
Total ω-3 PUFA   5.89 4.84 54.36 50.78 61.61
Total PUFA   58.74 46.48 71.41 76.82 82.03
ω3/ω6    0.11 0.12 3.19 1.95 3.02
  1. *Fat in maternal diet was Soybean Oil for RD, Coconut oil for SFA and Coconut oil (4.8%) and ALA, DHA or EPA (1.8%) for the diets under those names.
  2. ‡Fat free chow diet contained fiber, ash, aminoacides, minerals and vitamins added.
  3. A - All diets fed to dams during pre-conception, pregnancy and lactation were prepared by mixing 94 g% fat-free chow diet with 6 g% different fats/oils: RD-soybean, SFA-coconut oil, ALA-ALA + coconut, DHA-DHA + coconut, EPA-EPA + coconut. Fat-free chow diet contained fiber, ash, aminoacides, minerals and vitamins.
  4. B - Dietary Fatty acid composition: Fatty acid composition of the five diets provided to the dams in the present model RD, SFA, ALA, DHA and EPA provided to the mothers before and during pregnancy and lactation. The lower row presents the ratio between ω-3 and ω -6 fatty acids in each diet. The ω -3/ ω -6 ratio in each diet is indicated in bold.