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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical characteristics in cluding metabolic components and lipid measures in participant with and without the carotid atherosclerosis in both genders

From: The value of the apoB/apoAΙ ratio and the non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio in predicting carotid atherosclerosis among Chinese individuals with metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study

Variables Men Women
  Carotid atherosclerosis (−); n = 1245 Carotid atherosclerosis (+); n = 247 P-value Carotid atherosclerosis (−); n = 309 Carotid atherosclerosis (+); n = 62 P-value
Age (ys) 45.14 ± 0.23 53.95 ± 0.58 <0.001 49.61 ± 0.50 58.47 ± 1.17 <0.001
SBP (mm Hg) 137.83 ± 0.31 142.69 ± 1.01 <0.001 137.28 ± 0.61 142.52 ± 1.55 <0.001
DBP (mm Hg) 80.10 ± 0.27 90.16 ± 0.73 <0.001 86.40 ± 0.53 88.53 ± 1.39 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 25.75 ± 0.08 25.63 ± 0.17 0.544 24.26 ± 0.17 25.23 ± 0.39 0.021
FPG (mmol/L) 5.70 ± 0.03 5.96 ± 0.10 0.016 5.62 ± 0.06 5.65 ± 0.09 0.848
FINS (pmol/L) 70.01 ± 1.10 60.49 ± 2.21 <0.001 62.99 ± 1.75 72.06 ± 4.63 0.041
HOMA-IR 2.58 ± 0.05 2.34 ± 0.11 0.034 2.28 ± 0.07 2.62 ± 0.18 0.056
TC (mmol/L) 5.28 ± 0.03 5.46 ± 0.06 0.007 5.38 ± 0.05 5.74 ± 0.12 0.005
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.36 ± 0.01 1.38 ± 0.02 0.284 1.64 ± 0.02 1.53 ± 0.04 0.01
non-HDL-C/HDL-C 2.97 ± 0.02 3.06 ± 0.06 0.149 2.37 ± 0.04 2.82 ± 0.08 <0.001
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.44 ± 0.02 3.55 ± 0.05 0.041 3.29 ± 0.04 3.65 ± 0.09 0.001
TG (mmol/L) 2.31 ± 0.04 2.13 ± 0.08 0.054 1.72 ± 0.04 2.14 ± 0.13 <0.001
ApoAΙ (g/L) 1.38 ± 0.01 1.40 ± 0.01 0.321 1.54 ± 0.01 1.51 ± 0.02 0.26
ApoB (g/L) 1.17 ± 0.01 1.25 ± 0.02 <0.001 1.13 ± 0.02 1.27 ± 0.04 0.001
ApoB/apoAΙ 0.85 ± 0.01 0.91 ± 0.02 0.001 0.75 ± 0.01 0.85 ± 0.03 0.001
CRP (mg/L) 5.35 ± 0.12 5.67 ± 0.48 0.363 5.34 ± 0.21 4.57 ± 0.35 0.117
HCY (μmol/L) 11.16 ± 0.15 11.6 ± 0.29 0.186 8.28 ± 0.18 9.76 ± 0.38 0.001
GGT (U/L) 61.54 ± 1.60 54.47 ± 3.72 0.074 23.69 ± 1.13 30.95 ± 3.86 0.075
UA (μmol/L) 371.29 ± 2.15 360.94 ± 4.51 0.048 257.46 ± 3.07 283.81 ± 7.56 0.001
Current smoker(%) 41.5 39.7 >0.05 0.6 0 >0.05
  1. SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; BMI: body mass index; FPG: fasting plasma glucose; FINS: fasting insulin; HOMA-IR: homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; TC: total cholesterol; HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C: low density lipoprotein cholesterol; non-HDL-C: non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG: triglycerides; ApoAΙ: apolipoprotein AΙ; ApoB: apolipoprotein B; CRP: C-reactive protein; HCY: Homocysteine; GGT: gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase; UA: uric acid; Carotid atherosclerosis(+): CIMT was ≥ 0.9 mm; Carotid atherosclerosis(−): CIMT was < 0.9 mm.