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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population stratified by hepatic fat (%)

From: Amount of hepatic fat predicts cardiovascular risk independent of insulin resistance among Hispanic-American adolescents

Parameters, mean (SD) Hepatic fat < 5% Hepatic fat ≥ 5% and < 10% Hepatic fat ≥ 10% p-value
n 13 18 19  
Age (years) 14.5 (1.85) 13.8 (2.23) 13.5 (2.91) 0.450
Male (n, %) 5 (38.5) 3 (16.7) 13 (68.4) 0.005
Weight (kg) 82.9 (19.8) 79.6 (17.4) 81.8 (13.9) 0.853
BMI z score 1.94 (0.26) 2.04 (0.32) 2.24 (0.43) 0.058
ALT (U/L) 16.9 (7.27) 19.8 (8.04) 73.6 (111) <0.001
Hepatic fat (%) 3.95 (0.64) 7.25 (1.63) 15.6 (4.85) <0.001
Visceral fat (cm2) 86.6 (35.7) 71.0 (23.3) 114 (48.8) 0.053
Glucose (mmol/L) 5.28 (0.89) 5.27 (0.71) 5.22 (1.08) 0.857
Insulin (mU/L) 17.3 (7.14) 29.3 (20.6) 41.4 (35.7) 0.008
HOMA-IR 3.94 (1.45) 7.03 (5.64) 10.2 (11.0) 0.019
Adipo-IR 13.4 (5.40) 23.4 (20.7) 63.7 (126) 0.002
hs-CRP (mg/L) 3.28 (3.47) 3.10 (2.27) 7.21 (7.95) 0.151
  1. P-values were generated using ANOVA or alternatively Kruskal-Wallis tests for variables with a non-normal distribution. Sex was compared by the Fisher Exact test.