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Table 5 Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG) and free fatty acids (FFA) levels in the liver and skeletal muscle at the end of the study

From: Tetrapleura tetraptera spice attenuates high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet-induced obese and type 2 diabetic rats with metabolic syndrome features

  Liver Skeletal muscle
Groups TG (μg/mg) TC (μg/mg) FFA (μg/mg) TG (μg/mg) TC (μg/mg) FFA (μg/mg)
NCD 80(76–83)bc 40.5(38–45)bc 17.5(15–21) bc 26.50(25–32)bc 24(20–26)bc 4.87(4.5–5.36)bc
HCHFD 172(166–182)a 69(63–78)a 35(32–40)ac 45(41–48)a 39.5(38–42)a 8.16(7.69–8.98)a
HCHFD200 129(115–142)abc 50.5(47–53)abc 25.5(22–30)bc 32(28–36)abc 27(24–28)bc 6.09(5.68–6.4)abc
DBC 173.5(160–187)a 58.5(54–65)ab 43.5(36–48)a 44.5(39_-49)a 38.5(32–43)a 8.21(7.68–8.64)a
DB200 134(118–152)abc 48.5(45–52)abc 30(28–34)ac 29.5(25–33)bc 27.5(26–29)bc 6.1(5.7–6.5)abc
DB400 101(92–120)abc 43(39–46)bc 25.5(23–29)bc 27.5(23–31)bc 20.5(18–24)bc 4.62(4.1–5.8)bc
DBMET 163(150–184)a 41.5(38–45)bc 36.5(34–40)a 36.5(31–40)abc 22.5(20–26)bc 6.73(6.12–7.2)abc
  1. asignificant relative to normal control (p < 0.05). bsignificant compared with HCHFD (p < 0.05). csignificant compared with diabetic control (p < 0.05). (n = 6)