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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with MetS+ and MetS

From: Metabolic syndrome and the short-term prognosis of acute ischemic stroke: a hospital-based retrospective study

Characteristic MetS+ MetS P value
n 309 221  
Age (years) 68.8 ± 10.2 69.9 ± 12.4 0.248
Female, n (%) 156 (50.5) 66 (29.9) <0.001
Smoker, n (%) 104 (33.7) 107 (48.4) 0.001
Drinker, n (%) 39 (12.6) 51 (23.1) 0.002
Pre-history, n (%)
 HTN 225 (72.8) 118 (53.4) <0.001
 DM 82 (26.5) 10 (4.5) <0.001
 CHD 25 (8.1) 21 (9.5) 0.275
 TIA 8 (2.6) 9 (4.1) 0.339
 Stroke 107 (34.6) 65 (29.4) 0.206
Treatment history, n (%)
 Anti-HTN 201 (65.0) 95 (43.0) <0.001
 Anti-DM 75 (24.3) 8 (3.6) <0.001
Family history, n (%)
 HTN 108 (35.0) 53 (24.0) 0.007
 DM 20 (6.5) 5 (2.3) 0.024
 CHD 2 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 0.631
 CVD 19 (6.1) 16 (7.2) 0.618
WC (cm)
 Male 91.9 ± 7.2 82.9 ± 7.2 <0.001
 Female 89.9 ± 9.2 82.9 ± 10.5 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.2 ± 3.2 21.4 ± 3.3 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 151.8 ± 23.3 148.5 ± 23.6 0.109
DBP (mmHg) 86.1 ± 12.1 84.8 ± 12.5 0.232
Median NIHSS 4 (2 ~ 9) 4 (2 ~ 9) 0.562
Temperature (°C) 36.6 ± 0.5 36.6 ± 0.5 0.240
Prehospital delay (d) 6 (4, 48) 19 (4, 48) 0.128
Laboratory data
 TG (mmol/L) 1.35 (1.02 ~ 1.90) 0.95 (0.74 ~ 1.17) <0.001
 TC (mmol/L) 5.41 ± 1.30 5.09 ± 1.20 0.004
 HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.08 ± 0.29 1.35 ± 0.35 <0.001
  Male 0.99 ± 0.28 1.28 ± 0.33 <0.001
  Female 1.17 ± 0.27 1.54 ± 0.31 <0.001
 LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.62 ± 1.08 3.29 ± 1.06 0.001
 Apo A, mmol/L 1.07 ± 0.22 1.18 ± 0.23 0.380
 ApoB, mmol/L 1.07 ± 0.28 0.94 ± 0.27 0.928
 FBG (mmol/L) 5.74 (4.91 ~ 6.95) 4.73 (4.27 ~ 5.27) <0.001
 Creatinine (umol/L) 100.07 ± 35.53 98.69 ± 30.04 0.640
 BUN (mmol/L) 5.34 ± 2.10 5.31 ± 2.22 0.854
 UA (umol/L) 346.71 ± 134.53 324.56 ± 11.22 0.039
 Fibrinogen (g/L) 3.63 ± 2.93 3.09 ± 1.20 0.011
 CCA IMT (mm) 0.58 ± 0.50 0.56 ± 0.48 0.093
  1. Data are acquired on admission and presented as means ± SDs or median (25th to 75th percentiles) for all quantitative traits. The unpaired Student’s t-test or Mann-Whitney test for continuous variables and the chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables were used to compare the values of MetS and non-MetS patients
  2. HTN hypertention, DM diabetes mellitus, CHD coronary heart disease, TIA transient ischemic attack, CVD cerebral vascular disease, WC waist circumference, BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TG triglyceride, TC total cholesterol, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein cholesterol, ApoA Apolipoprotein A, ApoB Apolipoprotein B, FBG fasting blood glucose, BUN blood urea nitrogen, UA uric acid, CCA IMT common carotid artery intima media thickness