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Table 1 Clinical, biochemical and nutritional variables between groups

From: Interaction of dietary fat intake with APOA2, APOA5 and LEPR polymorphisms and its relationship with obesity and dyslipidemia in young subjects

Variables Total Control group Obese group P
n = 200 n = 100 n = 100
Clinical
Age (years)a 20.9 ± 1.9 20.7 ± 1.9 21.2 ± 1.8 0.05
Sexb Women 116 (58) 65 (65) 51 (51) 0.05
Men 84 (42) 35 (35) 49 (49)
Weight (kg)c 70.7 (56.5–91.5) 56.5 (51.1–91.5) 91.5 (82.4–99.6) <0.001
Height (cm)a 162.7 ± 9.1 160.9 ± 8.9 164.5 ± 9 0.005
BMI (kg/m2)c 27.4 (21.5–33.1) 21.5 (20.3–23) 33.1 (31.4–35.3) <0.001
Waist circumference (cm)c 88.3 (78–106) 78 (74.1–82) 106 (100.4–110.3) <0.001
Hip circumference (cm)c 101 (92–115) 92 (88.5–110) 115 (110–119.3) <0.001
Fat mass (g)c 23.3 (10.3–32.9) 10.3 (7.6–14.3) 32.9 (28.8–38.7) <0.001
Fat percentage (%)c 28.4 (18.4–37.4) 18.5 (13.9–24.9) 37.4 (32.1–42.3) <0.001
SBP (mmHg)a 109.8 ± 12.8 102.8 ± 9.8 116.9 ± 11.4 <0.001
DBP (mmHg)c 69 (63.5–76) 66 (60–71.5) 73 (67.5–80) <0.001
Biochemical
Glucose (mg/dL)c 83 (76–89) 80 (74–85) 85.5 (79–93) <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)c 159.5 (141.5–181.5) 149.5 (132–176) 167.5 (148.5–192) 0.002
LDL-C (mg/dL)c 108 (85.5–130.5) 95.5 (81.5–119) 114 (88.5–146) <0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL)c 96 (69.5–144.5) 78 (60–103) 121 (91–165.5) <0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL)c 44 (37–52.5) 47 (38–55) 42.5 (36–47.5) 0.005
Nutritional
Total energy (kcal/d)c 2424.5 (2064–2835) 2184.5 (1902.5–2478.5) 2659.5 (2342.5–3063.5) <0.001
Carbohydrates (g/d)c 318 (272.8–382.5) 298.5 (256.5–331.5) 350.5 (301.5–434) <0.001
Protein (g/d)c 103 (85–125.5) 94.5 (78–113.5) 117.6 (96–140) <0.001
Total fat (g/d)c 79 (61.5–96.7) 69.5 (58–86.5) 88.5 (73.5–103) <0.001
SFA (g/d)c 11 (8–15) 9.5 (6–13) 13 (10–18) <0.001
MUFA (g/d)c 17 (13–23) 15 (10.5–20) 20.5 (15–27) <0.001
PUFA (g/d)c 9 (6–12) 7 (5–9) 11 (8–15) <0.001
Cholesterol (mg/d)c 263.5 (171–341) 263.5 (188–330) 264 (168–35) 0.69
  1. BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, LDL low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SFA saturated fatty acids, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acids
  2. aData provided in Mean ± SD; Student t test
  3. bData provided in n and percentage; Chi-square test
  4. cData provided in Median (percentile 25–75); Mann Whitney test