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Table 7 Analysis of fatty acid composition in abdominal fat of Wistar rats on a high fat diet treated with G. bimaculatus extract for 2 months

From: Gene expression profiling and inhibition of adipose tissue accumulation of G. bimaculatus extract in rats on high fat diet

Comp. of abdomianlfat tissue (%) PBS GB100 GB200 STA IS100
Lauric acid (C12:0) 0.04 ± 0.00 0.05 ± 0.00 0.05 ± 0.00 0.05 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.01
Myristoleic acid (C14:1) 0.02 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00
Myristic acid (C14:0) 0.78 ± 0.04 0.77 ± 0.08 0.81 ± 0.06 0.78 ± 0.01 0.88 ± 0.08
Pentadecanoic acid (C15:0) 0.13 ± 0.00 0.14 ± 0.00* 0.14 ± 0.02 0.15 ± 0.01 0.15 ± 0.00*
Palmitoleic acid (C16:1) 1.74 ± 0.33 1.98 ± 0.22 1.93 ± 0.12 2.08 ± 0.20 1.86 ± 0.23
Palmitic acid (C16:0) 19.01 ± 0.57 18.85 ± 0.61 19.85 ± 1.05 18.25 ± 0.94 19.57 ± 1.27
Heptadecanoic acid (C17:0) 0.35 ± 0.04 0.40 ± 0.03 0.46 ± 0.03 0.37 ± 0.03 0.44 ± 0.03
Linoleic acid (C18:2) 36.15 ± 1.91 40.11 ± 2.23 37.26 ± 6.88 40.18 ± 0.89 38.90 ± 1.91
Oleic acid (C18:1) 32.10 ± 2.20 28.12 ± 0.80 28.54 ± 5.66 28.88 ± 1.53 26.16 ± 1.08
Stearic acid (C18:0) 8.29 ± 0.45 8.35 ± 0.69 9.28 ± 0.33 7.86 ± 0.69 10.16 ± 0.38*
Arachidonic acid (C20:4) 0.20 ± 0.04 0.18 ± 0.05 0.24 ± 0.02 0.24 ± 0.04 0.32 ± 0.07
Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5) 0.04 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.00 0.04 ± 0.00 0.03 ± 0.00 0.04 ± 0.01
Eicosatrienoic acid (C20:3) 0.08 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.02 0.08 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01 0.09 ± 0.02
Eicosadienoic acid (C20:2) 0.35 ± 0.02 0.30 ± 0.07 0.43 ± 0.03 0.35 ± 0.02 0.48 ± 0.11
Eicosenoic acid (C20:1) 0.56 ± 0.02 0.49 ± 0.09 0.65 ± 0.05 0.54 ± 0.01 0.69 ± 0.11
Eicosanoic acid (C20:0) 0.12 ± 0.01 0.11 ± 0.01 0.15 ± 0.01 0.12 ± 0.02 0.15 ± 0.02
Docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6) 0.04 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.00 0.07 ± 0.02 0.04 ± 0.00 0.06 ± 0.00
Saturated fatty acid 28.73 ± 0.09 28.67 ± 1.43 30.74 ± 1.16 27.57 ± 1.67 31.39 ± 1.70
Unsaturated fatty acid 71.27 ± 0.09 71.33 ± 1.43 69.26 ± 1.16 72.43 ± 1.67 68.61 ± 1.70
Single unsaturated fatty acid 34.42 ± 1.92 30.60 ± 0.67 31.13 ± 5.71 31.51 ± 1.71 28.73 ± 0.94
Poly unsaturated fatty acid 36.84 ± 1.87 40.73 ± 2.10 38.13 ± 6.86 40.92 ± 0.96 39.88 ± 1.71
Comp. of epididymidal fat tissue (%) PBS GB100 GB200 STA IS100
Lauric acid (C12:0) 0.06 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.00 0.07 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.00 0.09 ± 0.02
Myristoleic acid (C14:1) 0.04 ± 0.00 0.05 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.02
Myristic acid (C14:0) 1.00 ± 0.10 0.90 ± 0.04 0.97 ± 0.06 0.89 ± 0.06 1.03 ± 0.03
Pentadecanoic acid (C15:0) 0.17 ± 0.01 0.19 ± 0.01 0.19 ± 0.01 0.16 ± 0.01 0.19 ± 0.01
Palmitoleic acid (C16:1) 2.44 ± 0.29 3.18 ± 0.92 2.61 ± 0.35 3.06 ± 0.31 2.57 ± 0.47
Palmitic acid (C16:0) 18.63 ± 0.27 18.43 ± 1.41 19.53 ± 0.38 19.97 ± 0.58 18.71 ± 0.72
Heptadecanoic acid (C17:0) 0.36 ± 0.04 0.38 ± 0.05 0.41 ± 0.02 0.39 ± 0.02 0.38 ± 0.03
Linoleic acid (C18:2) 39.26 ± 1.15 39.86 ± 0.98 36.49 ± 2.13 36.59 ± 1.16 34.77 ± 3.41
Oleic acid (C18:1) 28.85 ± 1.57 27.56 ± 0.96 29.85 ± 1.81 29.92 ± 1.35 32.79 ± 3.43
Stearic acid (C18:0) 7.50 ± 0.22 6.96 ± 1.47 7.71 ± 0.29 7.06 ± 0.41 7.44 ± 0.72
Arachidonic acid (C20:4) 0.32 ± 0.02 0.56 ± 0.06* 0.48 ± 0.07 0.40 ± 0.08 0.47 ± 0.07
Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5) 0.05 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.03 0.07 ± 0.02 0.05 ± 0.02 0.05 ± 0.02
Eicosatrienoic acid (C20:3) 0.11 ± 0.01 0.17 ± 0.02* 0.15 ± 0.02 0.14 ± 0.02 0.15 ± 0.02
Eicosadienoic acid (C20:2) 0.46 ± 0.01 0.51 ± 0.01 0.52 ± 0.04 0.51 ± 0.02 0.46 ± 0.06
Eicosenoic acid (C20:1) 0.56 ± 0.02 0.62 ± 0.07 0.58 ± 0.02 0.58 ± 0.03 0.54 ± 0.09
Eicosanoic acid (C20:0) 0.09 ± 0.01 0.09 ± 0.03 0.08 ± 0.00 0.09 ± 0.01 0.12 ± 0.01*
Docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6) 0.10 ± 0.01 0.37 ± 0.08* 0.24 ± 0.05 0.11 ± 0.04 0.19 ± 0.06
Saturated fatty acid 27.80 ± 0.33 27.03 ± 3.00 28.96 ± 0.66 28.61 ± 0.91 27.96 ± 1.19
Unsaturated fatty acid 72.20 ± 0.33 72.97 ± 3.00 71.04 ± 0.66 71.39 ± 0.91 72.04 ± 1.19
Single unsaturated fatty acid 31.89 ± 1.39 31.41 ± 1.81 33.09 ± 1.66 33.59 ± 1.35 35.96 ± 3.81
Poly unsaturated fatty acid 40.31 ± 1.10 41.57 ± 1.19 37.95 ± 2.14 37.80 ± 1.24 36.08 ± 3.37
  1. Each value represents mean ± SE
  2. Asterisk marks (*) mean significant differences compared with control (PBS) group (p < 0.05)