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Table 3 Fatty acids (FAs) profile in retroperitoneal adipose tissue of rats supplemented with different oils

From: Incorporation and effects of punicic acid on muscle and adipose tissues of rats

FAs (%) Control LNA 1 % LNA 2 % LNA 4 % CLNA 1 % CLNA 2 % CLNA 4 %
C13:0 3.00 ± 0.62 2.74 ± 0.44 2.95 ± 0.43 2.79 ± 0.71 2.67 ± 0.35 2.75 ± 0.47 2.62 ± 0.40
C14:0 1.14 ± 0.04 0.93 ± 0.06 0.98 ± 0.11 0.95 ± 0.04 1.08 ± 0.09 1.01 ± 0.08 0.94 ± 0.09
C15:0 0.22 ± 0.01 0.24 ± 0.04 0.28 ± 0.06 0.29 ± 0.02 0.24 ± 0.03 0.23 ± 0.04 0.21 ± 0.03
C16:0 21.85 ± 0.37 18.82 ± 0.87 19.33 ± 1.05 17.81 ± 0.50 20.33 ± 1.07 19.63 ± 2.15 18.15 ± 1.51
NI 0.20 ± 0.04 0.23 ± 0.03 0.19 ± 0.02 0.21 ± 0.02 0.18 ± 0.04 0.18 ± 0.01 0.16 ± 0.02
C16:1c 3.61 ± 0.26 2.79 ± 0.27 3.18 ± 0.48 2.91 ± 0.34 3.12 ± 0.45 3.08 ± 0.75 2.68 ± 0.61
C17:0 0.22 ± 0.01 0.23 ± 0.03 0.19 ± 0.03 0.20 ± 0.01 0.22 ± 0.02 0.22 ± 0.04 0.22 ± 0.02
C17:1 0.13 ± 0.02 0.11 ± 0.02 0.10 ± 0.01 0.10 ± 0.01 0.14 ± 0.04 0.14 ± 0.07 0.13 ± 0.06
C18:0 2.97 ± 0.10 2.93 ± 0.14 2.97 ± 0.18 2.76 ± 0.08 2.96 ± 0.82 2.80 ± 0.63 2.50 ± 0.31
C18:1t      0.10 ± 0.02b 0.15 ± 0.06ab 0.21 ± 0.06a
C18:1c ω-9 26.32 ± 0.60 24.42 ± 0.71 24.54 ± 0.55 23.68 ± 0.41 24.70 ± 3.06 22.68 ± 2.54 20.59 ± 1.68
NI      0.19 ± 0.03b 0.23 ± 0.04b 0.34 ± 0.05a
C18:2t      0.26 ± 0.05c 0.44 ± 0.06b 0.62 ± 0.06a
C18:2c ω-6 35.89 ± 0.44ab 36.93 ± 2.70a 31.44 ± 1.59abc 30.46 ± 1.10bc 33.15 ± 3.93abc 30.59 ± 3.93bc 28.64 ± 2.49c
C18:3c ω-6 0.12 ± 0.01c 0.12 ± 0.01c 0.11 ± 0.01c 0.14 ± 0.01bc 0.14 ± 0.02bc 0.16 ± 0.03ab 0.18 ± 0.01a
C18:3c ω-3 2.56 ± 0.09d 7.71 ± 0.74c 11.91 ± 0.78b 16.13 ± 1.32a 2.28 ± 0.25d 1.90 ± 0.17d 1.54 ± 0.09d
CLA 9c11t      3.18 ± 0.60c 6.07 ± 0.89b 9.58 ± 0.80a
CLA 10t12c      0.03 ± 0.00c 0.07 ± 0.00b 0.11 ± 0.01a
CLA 10c12c      1.51 ± 0.22c 2.91 ± 0.37b 4.43 ± 0.49a
C20:2 ω-6 0.29 ± 0.01a 0.22 ± 0.03b 0.19 ± 0.02bc 0.16 ± 0.01c 0.20 ± 0.03bc 0.21 ± 0.03bc 0.17 ± 0.01bc
C20:3 ω-6 0.13 ± 0.02 0.12 ± 0.02 0.12 ± 0.03 0.09 ± 0.01 0.11 ± 0.01 0.10 ± 0.02 0.10 ± 0.02
C20:4 ω-6 0.84 ± 0.08a 0.58 ± 0.06bc 0.50 ± 0.07bc 0.42 ± 0.03bc 0.61 ± 0.13b 0.57 ± 0.16bc 0.39 ± 0.05c
C22:2      0.10 ± 0.01b 0.15 ± 0.03a 0.15 ± 0.01a
C 24:0 0.08 ± 0.01c 0.23 ± 0.02b 0.27 ± 0.07ab 0.34 ± 0.04a    
PA      2.13 ± 0.16c 3.37 ± 0.43b 4.99 ± 0.74a
α-ESA      0.19 ± 0.03b 0.25 ± 0.03ab 0.28 ± 0.05a
NI 0.17 ± 0.02b 0.34 ± 0.03a 0.41 ± 0.13a 0.34 ± 0.02a    
C22:6 ω-3 0.26 ± 0.03ab 0.33 ± 0.05a 0.33 ± 0.10a 0.24 ± 0.02ab 0.16 ± 0.04bc 0.12 ± 0.04c 0.06 ± 0.00c
TL (%) 74 ± 17 76 ± 10 75 ± 7 75 ± 11 71 ± 7 69 ± 15 67 ± 9
  1. Results expressed as mean ± standard deviation (n = 4) of the fatty acid percentages; different letters in the same row are statistically different from each other (p <0.05)
  2. NI not identified, CLA conjugated fatty acid (C18:2), PA punicic acid, α-ESA α-eleostearic acid, TL total lipids