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Table 4 Fatty acids (FAs) profile in epididymal adipose tissue of rats supplemented with different oils

From: Incorporation and effects of punicic acid on muscle and adipose tissues of rats

FAs (%) Control LNA 1 % LNA 2 % LNA 4 % CLNA 1 % CLNA 2 % CLNA 4 %
C13:0 2.72 ± 0.31 3.12 ± 0.44 2.76 ± 0.28 2.72 ± 0.40 3.38 ± 0.39 2.80 ± 0.26 3.24 ± 0.39
C14:0 1.08 ± 0.04 0.92 ± 0.05 0.93 ± 0.10 0.85 ± 0.07 1.00 ± 0.07 0.99 ± 0.06 0.95 ± 0.11
C15:0 0.27 ± 0.02a 0.27 ± 0.03a 0.21 ± 0.02b 0.20 ± 0.00b 0.25 ± 0.04ab 0.23 ± 0.02ab 0.23 ± 0.03ab
C16:0 20.57 ± 0.13 18.87 ± 0.47 17.85 ± 0.92 16.01 ± 0.27 19.36 ± 1.85 19.12 ± 2.50 18.01 ± 2.17
NI 0.27 ± 0.02a 0.26 ± 0.02a 0.25 ± 0.05a 0.21 ± 0.02ab 0.15 ± 0.06b 0.13 ± 0.05b 0.15 ± 0.02b
C16:1c 3.63 ± 0.23 3.17 ± 0.23 3.34 ± 0.45 3.36 ± 0.53 3.74 ± 0.73 3.60 ± 0.85 3.44 ± 0.76
C17:0 0.24 ± 0.01 0.25 ± 0.02 0.22 ± 0.01 0.20 ± 0.01 0.23 ± 0.03 0.22 ± 0.02 0.21 ± 0.02
C18:0 2.87 ± 0.12 2.84 ± 0.07 2.78 ± 0.13 2.57 ± 0.09 2.61 ± 0.42 2.59 ± 0.39 2.38 ± 0.32
C18:1t      0.34 ± 0.51 0.14 ± 0.02 0.17 ± 0.04
C18:1c ω-9 26.02 ± 0.30a 24.74 ± 0.35ab 24.24 ± 0.54ab 23.26 ± 0.33ab 23.86 ± 1.85ab 22.82 ± 1.98bc 20.28 ± 1.78c
NI      0.19 ± 0.03a 0.27 ± 0.04ab 0.33 ± 0.05b
C18:2t      0.31 ± 0.05a 0.44 ± 0.04 0.72 ± 0.11b
C18:2c ω-6 37.05 ± 0.27a 35.17 ± 0.56ab 32.83 ± 1.38ab 31.09 ± 0.63bc 32.99 ± 3.60a 31.13 ± 4.21bc 27.89 ± 2.41c
C18:3c ω-6 0.13 ± 0.02ab 0.13 ± 0.01ab 0.09 ± 0.04ad 0.05 ± 0.01cd 0.17 ± 0.03b 0.19 ± 0.04b 0.17 ± 0.04b
C18:3c ω-3 2.75 ± 0.09a 8.02 ± 0.25b 12.11 ± 0.29c 17.17 ± 1.57d 2.54 ± 0.25a 2.13 ± 0.30a 1.89 ± 0.24a
CLA 9c11t      3.38 ± 0.66a 5.71 ± 0.78b 9.40 ± 1.10c
CLA 10t12c      0.04 ± 0.01a 0.07 ± 0.01b 0.11 ± 0.02c
CLA 10c12c      1.52 ± 0.21a 2.56 ± 0.30b 4.11 ± 0.52c
C20:2 ω-6 0.24 ± 0.02 0.25 ± 0.02 0.22 ± 0.02 0.18 ± 0.02 0.24 ± 0.04 0.23 ± 0.04 0.20 ± 0.01
C20:3 ω-6 0.14 ± 0.02a 0.13 ± 0.02ab 0.13 ± 0.02ab 0.12 ± 0.01ab 0.14 ± 0.01a 0.11 ± 0.02ab 0.10 ± 0.01b
C20:4 ω-6 1.14 ± 0.21a 0.71 ± 0.16ab 0.71 ± 0.08ab 0.61 ± 0.13b 0.84 ± 0.28ab 0.75 ± 0.25ab 0.49 ± 0.12b
C22:2      0.11 ± 0.03a 0.14 ± 0.02ab 0.16 ± 0.01
C24:0 0.10 ± 0.02a 0.26 ± 0.03b 0.34 ± 0.09b 0.48 ± 0.09c    
PA      2.13 ± 0.25a 3.04 ± 0.24a 4.83 ± 0.87b
α-ESA      0.18 ± 0.04a 0.23 ± 0.03ab 0.30 ± 0.09b
C22:4 ω-6 0.19 ± 0.03a 0.11 ± 0.02b 0.08 ± 0.01bc 0.05 ± 0.01c 0.12 ± 0.03b 0.09 ± 0.03bc 0.05 ± 0.02c
NI 0.15 ± 0.03a 0.37 ± 0.06b 0.49 ± 0.10b 0.49 ± 0.09b 0.13 ± 0.03a 0.10 ± 0.03a 0.06 ± 0.03a
C22:6 ω-3 0.29 ± 0.08ac 0.42 ± 0.10ab 0.48 ± 0.06b 0.37 ± 0.09ab 0.21 ± 0.06c 0.18 ± 0.07c 0.11 ± 0.03d
TL (%) 78 ± 6abc 83 ± 11ab 71 ± 6bc 67 ± 10c 91 ± 9a 71 ± 12bc 87 ± 10a
  1. Results expressed as mean ± standard deviation (n = 4) of the fatty acid percentages; different letters in the same row are statistically different from each other, p <0.05
  2. NI not identified, PA punicic acid, α-ESA α-eleostearic acid, TL total lipids