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Table 1 Characteristics of participants at baseline

From: Neck circumference and future cardiovascular events in a high-risk population—A prospective cohort study

  Women Men p value
  n = 6696 n = 5819  
Age (years) 51.05 ± 15.67 44.29 ± 18.1 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 26.85 ± 5.25 26.09 ± 3.75 NS
NC (cm) 36.31 ± 7.84 38.19 ± 5.94 NS
WC (cm) 84.51 ± 8.56 87.96 ± 12.56 NS
HC (cm) 99.1 ± 8.66 94.66 ± 12.68 <0.001
WHR 0.89 ± 0.08 0.97 ± 0.06 <0.001
FPG (mmol/L) 6.16 ± 1.39 6.86 ± 1.31 NS
HbA1c (%) 5.92 ± 0.67 6.13 ± 0.98 NS
TC (mmol/L) 5.51 ± 1.19 5.29 ± 1.09 NS
TG (mmol/L) 1.79 ± 0.98 2.01 ± 1.19 <0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.53 ± 0.35 1.33 ± 0.26 NS
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.51 ± 1.08 3.48 ± 0.88 NS
SBP (mm Hg) 135.71 ± 15.14 133.41 ± 16.84 NS
DBP (mm Hg) 77.66 ± 8.47 78.96 ± 8.65 NS
Smoking (n, %) 2690 (40.17 %) 3547 (60.96 %) NS
Alcohol drinking (n, %) 893 (13.34 %) 985 (16.93 %) NS
  1. Values represent mean ± SD, n (%). A p value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. NS not significant (p > 0.05); BMI body mass index; NC neck circumference; WC waist circumference; HC hip circumference; WHR waist-hip ratio; FPG fasting plasma glucose; HbA1c hemoglobin A1c; TC total cholesterol; TG triglyceride; HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP systolic blood pressure; DBP diastolic blood pressure