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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants with and without type 2 diabetes

From: Associations between non-traditional lipid measures and risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Chinese community population: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Diabetes Without diabetes P-value
No. 555 8274  
Age (years) 54.40 ± 10.98 41.12 ± 12.73 <0.001
Gender, male, n (%) 354(63.78) 4271(51.62) <0.001
Married status (yes) 547(98.56) 7605(91.91) <0.001
Income, ¥/month    <0.001
 ≤¥3000 293(54.06) 3020(37.09)  
 ¥3001–5000 219(40.41) 4495(55.21)  
 ≥¥5001 30(5.54) 627(7.70)  
Education level    <0.001
 Illiteracy/primary 50(9.01) 267(3.23)  
 Middle school 335(60.36) 2790(33.72)  
 College/University 170(30.63) 5217(63.05)  
Drinking (yes) 196(35.31) 2743(33.15) <0.001
Smoking (yes) 177(31.95) 2121(25.64) <0.001
Physical activity (active) 351(63.24) 4216(50.95) <0.001
BMI 26.74 ± 3.54 24.35 ± 3.67 <0.001
Blood pressure    
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 142.02 ± 21.19 125.26 ± 17.98 <0.001
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 87.61 ± 13.53 80.44 ± 12.85 <0.001
Hypertension, yes 379(68.29) 2318(28.02) <0.001
Lipid profile    
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.75 ± 0.65 2.45 ± 0.60 <0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.10 ± 0.25 1.20 ± 0.27 <0.001
TG (mmol/L)a 1.71(1.16–2.63) 1.21(0.84–1.84) <0.001
TC (mmol/L) 4.81 ± 0.96 4.42 ± 0.87 <0.001
Non-HDL-C (mmol/L) 3.70 ± 0.90 3.22 ± 0.85 <0.001
TG/HDL-Ca 1.58(1.00–2.66) 1.04(0.65–1.72) <0.001
TC/HDL-C 4.50 ± 1.13 3.83 ± 1.02 <0.001
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 8.24 ± 2.48 5.04 ± 0.50 <0.001
  1. BMI body mass index, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Non-HDL-C non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides
  2. aMedians (25th–75th percentile)