Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: HDL in diabetic nephropathy has less effect in endothelial repairing than diabetes without complications

Characteristic Healthy controls (n = 12) Patients with diabetes (n = 18) Patients with diabetic nephropathy (n = 18)
Age (years) 31.92 ± 2.11 57.78 ± 2.44*** 59.94 ± 1.67
Diabetes duration(years) 0 5.18 ± 1.77 11.83 ± 1.63#
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 4.64 ± 0.09 11.28 ± 1.15*** 10.19 ± 1.24
Blood urea nitrogen (mmol/l) 4.55 ± 0.37 5.51 ± 0.41 8.15 ± 0.62##
HbA1C (%) 5.01 ± 0.12 10.04 ± 0.47*** 8.91 ± 0.61
Creatinine (umol/l) 57.78 ± 4.70 57.61 ± 2.26 112.40 ± 15.49##
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 131.30 ± 8.42 131.10 ± 11.01 70.18 ± 5.33###
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.25 ± 0.17 4.71 ± 0.21 4.76 ± 0.41
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.04 ± 0.10 2.51 ± 0.32** 1.89 ± 0.30
HDL-C (mmol/l) 1.47 ± 0.07 1.01 ± 0.05*** 1.03 ± 0.08
LDL-C (mmol/l) 1.95 ± 0.10 2.90 ± 0.27** 3.02 ± 0.33
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SEM. HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein cholesterol; **p<0.01, ***p<0.001, DM-HDL versus N-HDL; ## p<0.01, ### p<0.001, DKD-HDL versus DM-HDL, one-way ANOVA