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Table 1 Initially clinical and biochemical characteristics patients with T2DM and control subjects

From: Polymorphism rs5498 of the ICAM-1 gene affects the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  Patients with T2DM n = 595 Subjects without T2DM n = 200 p
Age 61.38 ± 9.65 60.07 ± 9.18 0.07
 Male sex (%) 338 (56.8) 92 (46.0) 0.008
 Duration T2DM 11.25 ± 7.88 - -
 Smoking (%) 53 (8.91) 34 (17.0) 0.002
Waist circumference (cm) 108.65 ± 12.88 93.31 ± 13.18 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 30.96 ± 4.74 27.90 ± 4.42 0.16
systolic pressure (mm Hg) 146.98 ± 19.98 143.3 ± 16.6 0.86
Diastolic pressure (mm Hg) 85.75 ± 11.62 84.7 ± 11.6 0.19
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 8.04 ± 2.57 5.27 ± 0.87 <0.001
HbA1c (%) 7.89 ± 3.56 4.79 ± 0.29 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.70 ± 1.19 5.36 ± 1.08 <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.19 ± 0.35 1.43 ± 0.37 <0.001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.63 ± 0,94 3.24 ± 0.98 <0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.9 (1.2–2.7) 1.3 (0.9–1.9) <0.001
High sensitivity CRP (mg/L) 2.2 (1.0–4.3) 1.3 (0.8–2.7) <0.001