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Table 2 Changes in echo markers of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with T2DM and control subjects between the first and control echo examination after 3.8 ± 0.5 years

From: Polymorphism rs5498 of the ICAM-1 gene affects the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  Patients with T2DM n = 426 Subjects without T2DM n = 137 p
Annual CIMT increment (μm/year) 20.33 (11.74–29.86) 12.83 (8.82–20.66) 0.02
Δ number of plaque segments 2.0 (1.0–3.0) 1.5 (0.7–2.2) 0.03
Δ sum of the plaques thickness (mm) 5.40 (2.40–7.05) 3.64 (2.88–5.48) 0.02
  1. Δ- variable value changes during the observation period, expressed as a percentage of baseline values