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Table 6 Adjusted analysis of rs5498-ICAM gene polymorphism and the presence of plaques/unstable plaques in the carotid arteries in patients with T2DM upon the inclusion in the study

From: Polymorphism rs5498 of the ICAM-1 gene affects the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  Presence of the plaques Presence of the unstable plaques
  OR (95 % CI) p OR (95 % CI) p
Hypertension (0 = no; 1 = yes) 2.43 0.25 1.56 0.38
Systolic pressure (mmHg) 0.12 0.44 0.17 0.37
Serum LDL (mmol/L) 1.45 0.32 1.22 0.71
Serum HDL (mmol/L) 0.15 0.03 0.48 0.76
Hba1c (%) 0.72 0.10 1.14 0.49
KE 0.97 0.49 0.74 0.17
EE 0.85 0.51 1.69 0.03
  1. All models were adjusted by age, sex, smoking, and treatment with statins. The reference group are homozygotes for allele K