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Table 1 25-year changes in traditional cardiometabolic risk factors in the studied cohort

From: Body composition, nutritional status, and endothelial function in physically active men without metabolic syndrome – a 25 year cohort study

  Baseline Follow-up
Age, years 35.3 ± 7.3 60.3 ± 9.9***
Waist circumference, cm 87.1 ± 7.8 95.4 ± 9.6***
BMI, kg/m2 24.7 ± 2.8 26.1 ± 3.2***
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 122.9 ± 12.2 127.0 ± 13.2
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 78.6 ± 6.5 79.9 ± 7.04
Total cholesterol, mg/dl 186.0 ± 29.7 215.4 ± 36.3**
LDL-C, mg/dl 113.5 ± 22.8 132.9 ± 33.0**
Triglycerides, mg/dl 111.8 ± 37.2 101.1 ± 42.0
HDL-C mg/dl 50.1 ± 13.2 61.5 ± 19.1**
Fasting plasma glucose, mg/dl 82.8 ± 9.1 88.5 ± 8.7***
Uric acid, mg/dl 5.4 ± 1.2 5.9 ± 1.2
Metabolic syndrome, n 0 0
BP ≥ 130/85 mmHg, n 9 23**
Triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dl, n 7 7
HDL-C < 40 mg/dl, n 3 3
Fasting plasma glucose ≥ 110 mg/dl, n 0 0
Current smokers, n 9 4
Exercise-related energy expenditure, kcal/week 4120.1 ± 3119 2979.2 ± 1826
PWC, W/kg 2.47 ± 0.5 2.0 ± 0.6*
  1. Data presented as mean ± SD unless otherwise stated; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  2. BMI body mass index, LDL-C low-density lipoproteins, HDL-C high density lipoproteins, PWC physical working capacity