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Table 1 Demographic and biochemical characteristics of the study participants

From: Association between alpha-fetoprotein and metabolic syndrome in a Chinese asymptomatic population: a cross-sectional study

Variable Without MS With MS P value
n 6243 1512  
Age (yr) 43 (18–87) 51 (26–82) <0.001
Sex (M/F) 3387/2856 822/690 0.937
WC (cm) 82 (58–123) 91 (64–115) <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 23.2 (15.6–36.9) 26.1 (17.3–35.6) <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 123 ± 17 143 ± 15 <0.001
DBP (mmHg) 75 ± 11 87 ± 10 <0.001
ALT (U/L) 18 (4–188) 24 (4–193) <0.001
AST (U/L) 18 (4–188) 21 (7–127) <0.001
γ-GT (U/L) 21 (3–429) 34 (8–816) <0.001
TG (mmol/L) 1.13 (0.3–17.1) 1.99 (0.38–16.09) <0.001
Tch (mmol/L) 4.69 (2.02–10.3) 4.92 (2.62–9.0) <0.001
HDL-c (mmol/L) 1.27 (0.6–2.9) 1.02 (0.6–2.4) <0.001
LDL-c (mmol/L) 2.59 (0.75–6.76) 2.66 (1–6.12) <0.001
FPG (mmol/L) 4.78 (3.45–16) 5.19 (3.87–13) <0.001
Cr (mmol/L) 67 (29–119) 74 (36–118) <0.001
HbA1c (%) 5.5 (3.5–11.6) 5.8 (4.2–13) <0.001
AFP (ng/ml) 2.4 (0.5–19.1) 2.7 (0.8–16.6) <0.001
Drinker (%) 16.0 29.6 <0.001
Smoker (%) 27 25.7 0.314
FLD (%) 29.0 62.3 <0.001
  1. WC waist circumference, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, BMI, body mass index, ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate aminotransferase, γ-GT gamma-glutamyltransferase, TG triglycerides, Tch total cholesterol, HDL-c high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-c low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, FPG fasting plasma glucose, Cr creatinine, HbA1c hemoglobin A1c, AFP alpha-fetoprotein, FLD fatty liver disease