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Table 7 Fatty acid composition of NAF phospholipids1,2

From: The role of background diet on the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in healthy pre-menopausal women: a randomized, cross-over, controlled study

  Baseline (mean ± SE; n = 15) Low fat diet (mean ± SE; n = 15) Habitual diet (mean ± SE; n = 15)
C14:0 10.02 ± 1.37 9.12 ± 0.86 8.83 ± 1.06
C14:1 0.32 ± 0.05 0.31 ± 0.08 0.31 ± 0.06
C15:0 1.65 ± 0.51a 1.29 ± 0.35b 1.38 ± 0.35b
C16:0 18.15 ± 2.81 21.0 ± 1.17 21.98 ± 1.07
C16:1 5.03 ± 0.99a 4.20 ± 0.78b 4.71 ± 1.20ab
C18:0 8.4 ± 0.33 8.29 ± 0.63 9.04 ± 1.01
C18:1 39.1 ± 1.9a 37.66 ± 1.46b 37.11 ± 1.03b
C18:2n-6 11.6 ± 1.4 11.93 ± 1.62 10.12 ± 0.98
C18:3n-6 0.01 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.03
C18:3n-3 1.03 ± 0.17a 0.65 ± 0.14b 0.79 ± 0.19ab
C18:4n-3 0.008 ± 0.008a 0.11 ± 0.10b 0.06 ± 0.04b
C20:0 0.51 ± 0.10 0.57 ± 0.14 1.14 ± 0.41
C20:1 0.72 ± 0.14 0.82 ± 0.19 1.22 ± 0.27
C20:2n-6 0.29 ± 0.06 0.22 ± 0.06 0.25 ± 0.07
C20:3n-6 0.32 ± 0.07a 0.58 ± 0.16b 0.47 ± 0.16b
C20:4n-6 AA 0.94 ± 0.19a 1.21 ± 0.38ab 0.52 ± 0.17b
C20:3n-3 0.03 ± 0.01 0.05 ± 0.04 0.03 ± 0.01
C20:4n-3 0.04 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01
C20:5n-3 EPA 0.06 ± 0.03a 0.42 ± 0.20c 0.18 ± 0.06b
C22:0 0.18 ± 0.04a 0.12 ± 0.05b 0.21 ± 0.12a
C22.1 0.26 ± 0.09 0.22 ± 0.08 0.28 ± 0.10
C22:2n-6 0.003 ± 0.002 0.05 ± 0.03 0.003 ± 0.003
C22:4n-6 0.08 ± 0.03a 0.04 ± 0.01b 0.09 ± 0.03a
C22:5n-3 0.09 ± 0.03a 0.16 ± 0.05b 0.19 ± 0.05b
C22:6n-3 DHA 0.19 ± 0.05a 0.47 ± 0.11b 0.42 ± 0.14b
C24:0 0.50 ± 0.14a 0.22 ± 0.08b 0.06 ± 0.03c
C24:1 0.64 ± 0.18a 0.23 ± 0.08b 0.51 ± 0.26ab
Saturated 39.18 ± 2.74a 40.62 ± 1.47ab 42.64 ± 2.33b
MUFA 46.04 ± 2.61a 43.45 ± 1.93b 44.13 ± 1.77b
PUFA 14.78 ± 1.59 15.93 ± 2.14 13.23 ± 1.23
Total n-3 1.45 ± 0.24a 1.88 ± 0.31c 1.69 ± 0.41b
Total n-6 13.32 ± 1.52 14.05 ± 1.90 11.54 ± 0.98
n-3:n-6 0.11 ± 0.02a 0.13 ± 0.01b 0.14 ± 0.03b
AA/EPA 2.04 ± 0.98a 1.50 ± 0.37b 1.64 ± 0.59b
  1. 1Fatty acids are reported as mol % of total fatty acids in phospholipids ± Standard Error of the mean
  2. 2Values in a row not sharing a letter are significantly different (p < 0.05) by ANOVA followed by Tukey's post-hoc test