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Table 1 Clinical characteristics, glucose, lipids, leptin, adiponectin, the leptin/adionectin (L/A) ratio and thyroid function parameters in 67 subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and in 86 subjects without MetS

From: Increased leptin/adiponectin ratio relates to low-normal thyroid function in metabolic syndrome

  MetS
(n = 67)
No MetS
(n = 86)
P-value
Age (years) 58 ± 9 56 ± 9 0.10
Sex (men/women) 40/27 52/34 0.92
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 144 ± 18 131 ± 20 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 89 ± 9 81 ± 10 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 29.8 ± 4.4 25.1 ± 3.3 <0.001
Waist (cm) 105 ± 12 87 ± 11 <0.001
Glucose (mmol/l) 8.6 ± 2.7 6.2 ± 1.4 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.54 ± 0.97 5.62 ± 0.97 0.60
Non-HDL cholestrerol (mmol/l) 4.38 ± 0.98 4.07 ± 1.05 0.068
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.16 ± 0.34 1.55 ± 0.38 <0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.96 (1.70-2.52) 1.15 (0.85-1.55) <0.001
hs-CRP (mg/l) 2.03 (1.26-4.22) 1.02 (0.48-2.25) <0.001
Leptin (μg/l) 11.5 (5.5-31.9) 4.8 (3.0-11.6) <0.001
Adiponectin (mg/l) 14.7 (9.2-26.8) 18.2 (14.2-38.8) <0.001
L/A ratio (μg/mg) 0.83 (0.37-1.85) 0.23 (0.12-0.62) <0.001
TSH (mU/l) 1.55 ± 0.70 1.66 ± 0.68 0.37
Free T4 (pmol/l) 13.9 ± 1.59 13.8 ± 1.47 0.82
  1. Data in mean ± SD or in median (interquartile range). BMI body mass index, hs-CRP high sensitivity C-reactive protein, TSH thyroid stimulating hormone, free T4 free thyroxine. Logarithmically transformed values of triglycerides, hs-CRP, leptin, adiponectin and the L/A ratio are used for statistical comparisons