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Table 6 Effect of L. johnsonii on fatty acid composition (mg/100 g of dried meat) in breast muscle of CP-induced chickens1

From: Controlling of growth performance, lipid deposits and fatty acid composition of chicken meat through a probiotic, Lactobacillus johnsonii during subclinical Clostridium perfringens infection

Item2 Control CP L-LJ H-LJ Pooled SE P-value
C14:0 24.4c 28.14a 26.24b 25.55bc 0.33 <0.001
C16:0 724.7 771.2 759.2 758.1 7.38 0.136
C16:1n-7 131.2 140.6 133.5 135.8 2.22 0.495
C18:0 311.9 341.2 340.7 329.5 5.22 0.158
C18:2n-6 909.4 862.4 888.2 884.3 11.91 0.594
C18:3n-3 (α-LA) 35.71a 31.22c 32.81b 33.92ab 0.45 0.002
C20:2n-6 14.91 14.27 14.29 15.01 0.16 0.220
C20:4n-6 111.8a 88.24c 91.21bc 99.34b 2.07 <0.001
C20:5n-3 (EPA) 9.99a 6.28c 7.91b 8.22b 0.22 <0.001
C22:4n-6 19.71a 15.27b 15.98b 16.29b 0.38 <0.001
C22:5n-3 33.91a 27.57b 29.33b 29.77b 0.47 <0.001
C22:6n-3 (DHA) 7.07a 6.02b 6.55ab 6.93a 0.12 0.004
Total SFA 1297b 1455a 1391ab 1329b 18.16 0.008
Total MUFA 1301 1202 1255 1257 17.38 0.250
Total PUFA 1,008a 901.5c 951.2bc 977.3b 12.94 0.022
n-6 PUFA 917.4 878.6 899.6 901.4 9.56 0.571
n-3 PUFA 81.21a 67.07c 74.31b 75.29b 0.99 <0.001
PUFA:SFA ratio 0.78a 0.62c 0.68bc 0.74ab 0.02 0.002
n-6:n-3 ratio 11.30b 13.10a 12.11b 11.97b 0.19 0.004
  1. a,bMeans in the same row with different superscripts are significantly different. (P < 0.05)
  2. 1control = basal diet + PBS; CP = basal diet + CP administration; L-LJ = basal diet with 1.0 × 105 cfu BS15/g diet + CP administration; H-LJ = basal diet with 1.0 × 106 cfu BS15/g diet + CP administration
  3. 1n = 12 per treatment group
  4. 2 SFA saturated fatty acid, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acid, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acid