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Table 1 General and metabolic characteristics of the healthy subjects, patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), and patients with type 2 diabetes (Diabetes)

From: Method for estimating high sdLDL-C by measuring triglyceride and apolipoprotein B levels

  Healthy subjects CAD Diabetes
Number 1665 528 201
Age, years 41 ± 12 67 ± 11a 61 ± 12a,b
Sex, M/F 954/711 414/114 125/76
Diabetes, n (%) 0 174 (33) 201 (100)
Total cholesterol, mg/dl 195.5 ± 33.5 197.1 ± 36.4 205.3 ± 49.6a,b
HDL-C, mg/dl 62.0 ± 15.3 47.2 ± 13.5a 48.2 ± 13.3a
TG, mg/dl 95.0 ± 65.2 131.5 ± 76.1a 142.0 ± 85.1a
LDL-C, mg/dl 113.9 ± 31.6 119.6 ± 32.4a 129.2 ± 40.4a,b
sdLDL-C, mg/dl 25.0 ± 13.0 35.3 ± 20.5a 40.3 ± 24.9a,b
lbLDL-C, mg/dl 88.9 ± 24.9 84.3 ± 29.1a 88.9 ± 31.7
Non-HDL-C, mg/dl 133.4 ± 33.7 149.9 ± 35.5a 157.1 ± 47.4a,b
sdLDL-C/LDL-C, % 21.6 ± 8.3 29.6 ± 15.0a 30.5 ± 14.5a
ApoB, mg/dl 88.3 ± 23.4 98.0 ± 23.6a 105.3 ± 31.4a,b
LDL-C/apoB 1.29 ± 0.12 1.22 ± 0.17a 1.23 ± 0.12a
LDL size, nm 26.1 ± 0.51 25.6 ± 0.41a 25.8 ± 0.50a,b
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation
  2. Significance at p < 0.0001–0.05 by ANOVA
  3. CAD coronary artery disease, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, TG triglyceride, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, sdLDL-C small dense LDL-C, lbLDL-C large buoyant LDL-C, Non-HDL-C non high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, Apo apolipoprotein
  4. avs. Healthy subjects; bvs. CAD