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Table 2 Lipid measurements stratified by sdLDL-C quartiles in 1665 healthy subjects

From: Method for estimating high sdLDL-C by measuring triglyceride and apolipoprotein B levels

sdLDL-C quartile Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
(<15.4 mg/dl) (15.4–21.9 mg/dl) (22.0–31.7 mg/dl) (>31.7 mg/dl)
Number 415 416 417 417
(M/F) (182/233) (222/194) (237/180) (313/104)
Total cholesterol, mg/dl 171.8 ± 25.8 187.2 ± 28.1a 200.0 ± 27.9a,b 222.8 ± 29.4a,b,c
HDL-C, mg/dl 67.1 ± 15.0 65.3 ± 15.2 61.5 ± 14.6a,b 54.4 ± 13.4a,b,c
TG, mg/dl 67.9 ± 39.4 75.4 ± 37.4a 90.0 ± 49.4a,b 146.6 ± 88.4a,b,c
LDL-C, mg/dl 88.1 ± 21.1 104.2 ± 22.6a 120.6 ± 24.8a,b 142.6 ± 28.0a,b,c
sdLDL-C, mg/dl 11.7 ± 2.5 18.7 ± 1.94a 26.2 ± 2.7a,b 43.3 ± 10.4a,b,c
lbLDL-C, mg/dl 76.4 ± 20.4 85.6 ± 22.3a 94.4 ± 24.2a,b 99.4 ± 26.0a,b,c
Non-HDL-C, mg/dl 104.7 ± 20.9 121.9 ± 22.4a 138.5 ± 25.4a,b 168.4 ± 27.4a,b,c
sdLDL-C/LDL-C, % 13.9 ± 4.0 18.7 ± 4.5a 22.6 ± 5.1a,b 31.0 ± 7.4a,b,c
ApoB, mg/dl 67.3 ± 13.5 79.8 ± 14.3a 92.0 ± 16.6a,b 113.8 ± 18.5a,b,c
LDL-C/apoB 1.30 ± 0.12 1.30 ± 0.11 1.31 ± 0.10 1.25 ± 0.14a,b,c
LDL size, nm 26.3 ± 0.33 26.2 ± 0.48a 26.1 ± 0.43a,b 25.7 ± 0.58a,b,c
Pattern B, n (%) 10 (2.4) 20 (4.8) 59 (14.2) 154 (36.9)
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation
  2. HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, TG triglycerides, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, sdLDL-C small dense LDL-C, lbLDL-C large buoyant LDL-C, Non-HDL-C non high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, Apo apolipoprotein, Pattern B LDL phenotype with an average diameter of <25.5 nm
  3. Significance at p < 0.0001–0.05 by ANOVA
  4. avs. Q1; bvs. Q2; cvs. Q3