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Table 3 LDL window in 1665 healthy subjects

From: Method for estimating high sdLDL-C by measuring triglyceride and apolipoprotein B levels

  “LDL window”
Groups Normal Hyper-TG Hyper-apoB Hyper-TG/-apoB
Number (M/F) 1261 (617/644) 100 (86/14) 196 (152/43) 108 (98/10)
%N/total N 75.7 6.0 11.8 6.5
Total cholesterol, mg/dl 185.4 ± 27.5 190.9 ± 23.0 239.9 ± 22.5a,b 236.3 ± 24.5a,b
HDL-C, mg/dl 64.7 ± 15.1 50.3 ± 12.0a 57.7 ± 13.1a,b 48.8 ± 10.0a,c
TG, mg/dl 72.3 ± 28.6 224.1 ± 89.7a 102.8 ± 26.7a,b 225.9 ± 93.2a,c
LDL-C, mg/dl 103.6 ± 23.9 108.1 ± 22.2 162.2 ± 19.0a,b 151.3 ± 25.2a,b,c
sdLDL-C, mg/dl 20.4 ± 8.9 31.2 ± 10.8a 37.2 ± 11.1a,b 49.2 ± 14.6a,b,c
lbLDL-C, mg/dl 83.1 ± 20.4 76.9 ± 20.4a 125.0 ± 19.5a,b 102.1 ± 23.5a,b,c
Non-HDL-C, mg/dl 120.6 ± 24.9 140.6 ± 19.8a 182.2 ± 16.8a,b 187.5 ± 23.3a,b
sdLDL-C/LDL-C, % 19.7 ± 7.0 29.3 ± 9.6a 23.0 ± 6.7a,b 32.8 ± 9.0a,b,c
ApoB, mg/dl 78.9 ± 16.0 93.9 ± 13.1a 122.6 ± 10.5a,b 128.8 ± 14.2a,b,c
LDL-C/apoB 1.30 ± 0.10 1.14 ± 0.16a 1.32 ± 0.09b 1.17 ± 0.12a,c
LDL size, nm 26.2 ± 0.41 25.5 ± 0.73a 25.8 ± 0.41a,b 25.4 ± 0.52a,c
Pattern B, n (%)* 81 (6.4) 46 (46) 55 (28.1) 61 (56.5)
sdLDL-C Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, n 407, 391, 328, 135 6, 14, 27, 53 1, 8, 56, 131 1, 3, 6, 98
sdLDL-C Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, % 32.3, 31.0, 26.0, 10.7 6.0, 14.0, 27.0, 53.0 0.5, 4.1, 28.6, 66.8 0.9, 2.8, 5.6, 90.7
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation
  2. HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, TG triglycerides, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, sdLDL-C small dense LDL-C, lbLDL-C large buoyant LDL-C, Non-HDL-C non high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, Apo apolipoprotein, Pattern B LDL phenotype with an average diameter of <25.5 nm
  3. Significance at p < 0.0001–0.05 by ANOVA
  4. *Statistically significant differences
  5. avs. normal; bhyper-TG; cvs. hyper-apoB