Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 LDL window in 528 patients with CAD including diabetes

From: Method for estimating high sdLDL-C by measuring triglyceride and apolipoprotein B levels

  “LDL window”
Groups Normal Hyper-TG Hyper-apoB Hyper-TG/-apoB
Number (M/F) 312 (244/68) 76 (67/9) 63 (46/17) 77 (57/20)
%N/total N 59.1 14.4 11.9 14.6
Diabetes, n (%) 102 (32.6) 23 (30.2) 20 (31.7) 29 (37.6)
Total cholesterol, mg/dl 180.7 ± 27.2 191.6 ± 22.8a 232.9 ± 29.7a,b 239.4 ± 29.7a,b
HDL-C, mg/dl 49.8 ± 14.3 43.7 ± 12.3a 46.1 ± 11.7 40.7 ± 8.8a
TG, mg/dl 92.1 ± 28.1 222.6 ± 86.1a 104.6 ± 32.1b 223.1 ± 70.3a,c
LDL-C, mg/dl 106.5 ± 22.9 105.9 ± 20.0 159.5 ± 25.7a,b 153.3 ± 28.3a,b
sdLDL-C, mg/dl 26.6 ± 13.9 37.6 ± 14.6a 44.1 ± 24.6a 60.8 ± 19.0a,b,c
lbLDL-C, mg/dl 79.9 ± 23.0 68.3 ± 23.9a 115.3 ± 33.5a,b 92.4 ± 31.5a,b,c
Non-HDL-C, mg/dl 130.9 ± 22.2 147.9 ± 20.8a 186.8 ± 25.9a,b 198.6 ± 26.5a,b,c
sdLDL-C/LDL-C, % 25.4 ± 13.3 36.5 ± 15.0a 28.0 ± 15.2b 40.8 ± 13.4a,c
ApoB, mg/dl 85.0 ± 14.3 94.5 ± 11.6a 124.4 ± 13.6a,b 132.2 ± 16.5a,b,c
LDL-C/apoB 1.25 ± 0.16 1.11 ± 0.15a 1.28 ± 0.14b 1.15 ± 0.13a,c
LDL size, nm 25.7 ± 0.36 25.3 ± 0.43a 25.7 ± 0.32b 25.4 ± 0.40a,c
Pattern B, n (%)* 111 (35.6) 59 (77.6) 25 (39.7) 62 (80.5)
sdLDL-C Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, n 61, 75, 81, 95 3, 5, 23, 45 3, 5, 13, 42 0, 0, 3, 74
sdLDL-C Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, % 19.6, 24.0, 26.0, 30.5 4.0, 6.6, 30.3, 59.2 4.8, 7.9, 20.6, 66.7 0, 0, 3.9, 96.1
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation
  2. HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, TG triglycerides, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, sdLDL-C small dense LDL-C, lbLDL-C large buoyant LDL-C, Non-HDL-C non high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, Apo apolipoprotein, Pattern B LDL phenotype with an average diameter of <25.5 nm
  3. Significance at p < 0.0001–0.05 by ANOVA
  4. *Statistically significant differences
  5. avs. normal; bhyper-TG; cvs.hyper-apoB