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Table 1 Epidemiological risk factors for HBV-cirrhosis patients and controls

From: Serum lipid profile as a marker of liver impairment in hepatitis B Cirrhosis patients

Variables Cases (n = 30) Controls(n = 50) Odds ratio 95%Confidence intervals P value
Education
 • No education 10 11 1.95 0.477–8.149 0.455
 • Primary 4 6 1.43 0.234–8.762 0.960
 • Matric 6 8 1.61 0.325–8.084 0.752
 • Intermediate 3 10 0.64 0.100–3.853 0.869
 • Graduation and above 7 15 1.00 (Reference)  
Marital status
 • Married 18 30 1.00 0.360–2.790 1.000
 • Unmarried 12 20 1.00 (Reference)  
Family history
 • Positive 20 10 8.00 2.567–25.834 0.0001
 • Negative 10 40 1.00 (Reference)  
Unani/homeopathic treatment
 • Yes 10 15 1.17 0.396–3.426 0.951
 • No 20 35 1.00 (Reference)  
Self-medication
 • Yes 12 15 1.56 0.543–4.469 0.502
 • No 18 35 1.00 (Reference)  
Shaving
 • Self 7 15 1.00 (Reference)  
 • Barber Shop 6 5 2.57 0.463–14.975 0.378
 • Both self and barber shop 5 8 1.34 0.255–7.078 0.975
Ear/Nose pricking
 • Yes 12 20 1.00 0.358–2.782 1.000
 • No 18 30 1.00 (Reference)  
Addiction of
 • Areca nut 10 6 2.19 0.608–8.154 0.287
 • Betel leaf with areca nut and tobacco/Gutka 6 4 1.98 0.420–9.715 0.527
 • Moist powdered tobacco snuff 2 1 2.64 0.169–78.024 0.842
Smokers 10 11 1.77 0.575–5.488 0.394
Non smokers 20 39 1.00 (Reference)