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Table 1 Characteristics of the study subjects

From: Relationship between non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and carotid atherosclerosis in normotensive and euglycemic Chinese middle-aged and elderly adults

Variables All Male subjects Female subjects P value between genders
n = 1470 n = 512 n = 958
Age (ys) 57.7 (8.1) 59.0 (8.3) 57.0 (8.0) <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 22.9 (2.9) 23.1 (3.0) 22.7 (2.9) 0.029
WHR 0.868 (0.069) 0.901 (0.069) 0.850 (0.061) <0.001
Current smoker, n (%) 317 (21.6%) 296 (57.8%) 21 (2.2) <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 120.4 (11.1) 121.8 (11.2) 119.6 (11.0) <0.001
DBP (mmHg) 71.5 (7.7) 73.1 (7.8) 70.7 (7.5) <0.001
TC (mmol/L) 5.0 (0.9) 4.8 (0.9) 5.2 (0.9) <0.001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.9 (0.8) 2.8 (0.7) 3.0 (0.8) <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.5 (0.4) 1.4 (0.4) 1.6 (0.4) <0.001
Non-HDL-C (mmol/L) 3.5 (0.9) 3.4 (0.8) 3.6 (0.9) <0.001
TG (mmol/L) 1.3 (0.6) 1.4 (0.7) 1.3 (0.6) 0.167
FBG (mmol/L) 4.9 (0.4) 4.9 (0.4) 4.9 (0.3) 0.608
PPG (mmol/L) 5.6 (1.1) 5.6 (1.2) 5.6 (1.1) 0.391
HOMA-IR 1.4 (0.9–1.9) 1.2 (0.8–1.8) 1.4 (1.0–1.9) <0.001
HOMA-B% 93.3 (67.0–126.2) 83.9 (58.2–123.4) 97.3 (71.7–128.9) <0.001
CIMT (mm) 0.712 (0.130) 0.746 (0.142) 0.694 (0.119) <0.001
Carotid plaque (n,%) 276 (18.8%) 138 (27.0%) 138 (14.4%) <0.001
  1. Data are mean (SD) or percentage of subjects or median (interquartile range)
  2. BMI body mass index, WHR waist-hip-ratio, FBG fasting blood glucose, PPG OGTT 2 h blood glucose, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein cholesterol, Non-HDL-C non high density lipoprotein cholesterol, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment index for insulin resistance, HOMA-B homeostasis model assessment index for beta cell function