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Table 2 Adjusted odd ratios for carotid plaque according to lipid levels in male and female subjects

From: Relationship between non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and carotid atherosclerosis in normotensive and euglycemic Chinese middle-aged and elderly adults

  Male subjects  
1 2 3 4 Trend across quartiles
TC
 Model 1 1 (ref) 1.263 (0.680–2.374) 1.523 (0.827–2.807) 2.213 (1.199–4.084) 0.071
 Model 2 1 (ref) 1.209 (0.550–2.502) 1.550 (0.543–4.422) 2.129 (0.507–8.944) 0.765
LDL-C
 Model 1 1 (ref) 0.757 (0.408–1.402) 1.137 (0.627–2.062) 1.498 (0.827–2.711) 0.176
 Model 2 1 (ref) 0.511 (0.253–1.030) 0.482 (0.182–1.278) 0.428 (0.117–1.560) 0.295
HDL-C
 Model 1 1 (ref) 0.787 (0.427–1.451) 0.837 (0.444–1.581) 0.746 (0.305–1.197) 0.206
 Model 2 1 (ref) 0.767 (0.408–1.443) 0.742 (0.369–1.490) 0.776 (0.326–1.183) 0.289
Non-HDL-C
 Model 1 1 (ref) 1.178 (0.628–2.209) 1.302 (0.712–2.422) 2.149 (1.121–4.118) 0.069
 Model 2 1 (ref) 1.322 (0.624–2.801) 1.606 (0.525–4.910) 2.657 (0.562–6.566) 0.209
  Female subjects  
1 2 3 4 Trend across quartiles
TC
 Model 1 1 (ref) 1.141 (0.645–2.017) 1.301 (0.745–2.273) 1.786 (1.044–3.056) 0.142
 Model 2 1 (ref) 1.149 (0.572–2.306) 1.312 (0.504–3.412) 1.795 (0.490–5.575) 0.787
LDL-C
 Model 1 1 (ref) 0.915 (0.518–1.614) 1.165 (0.677–2.003) 1.615 (0.957–2.725) 0.128
 Model 2 1 (ref) 0.834 (0.431–1.613) 1.015 (0.420–2.326) 1.209 (0.368–3.967) 0.735
HDL-C
 Model 1 1 (ref) 0.866 (0.509–1.474) 1.184 (0.695–2.018) 0.987 (0.561–1.737) 0.716
 Model 2 1 (ref) 0.776 (0.446–1.348) 1.051 (0.580–1.903) 0.878 (0.376–1.609) 0.616
Non-HDL-C
 Model 1 1 (ref) 0.951 (0.539–1.679) 1.230 (0.853–1.957) 1.590 (1.034–2.708) 0.035
 Model 2 1 (ref) 0.724 (0.457–1.469) 1.064 (0.942–1.776) 1.317 (1.019–2.511) 0.074
  1. Model 1 adjusted for age, BMI, WHR, FBG, PPG, SBP, DBP, smoking, logHOMA-IR and logHOMA-B%, Model 2 adjusted for increasing quartiles of all the other lipid levels in addition to the risk factors adjusted in Model 1
  2. BMI body mass index, WHR waist-hip-ratio, FBG fasting blood glucose, PPG OGTT 2 h blood glucose, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein cholesterol, Non-HDL-C non high density lipoprotein cholesterol, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment index for insulin resistance, HOMA-B homeostasis model assessment index for beta cell function