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Table 2 Changes in body composition and blood pressure after 16 weeks of intervention

From: Effect of oral cinnamon intervention on metabolic profile and body composition of Asian Indians with metabolic syndrome: a randomized double -blind control trial

Body composition and blood pressure Cinnamon group (n = 58) Placebo group (n = 58) Difference between Means (95% CI) P value †
Weight (kg)a
Baseline 89.1 ± 14.1 82.1 ± 14.1 7.0 (1.7, 12.1) 0.009*
16 weeks
 Unadjusted 85.6 ± 13.7 81.7 ± 14.6 −3.9 (− 9.1, 1.3) 0.148
 Adjusted 3.0 (−2.3, 3.8) ‡ 0.001*
BMI (kg/m2)
Baseline 33.6 ± 5.4 31.2 ± 4.4 −2.4 (−0.5, − 4.2) 0.010*
16 weeks
 Unadjusted 32.3 ± 5.2 31.0 ± 4.4 −1.3 (− 3.1, 0.5) 0.162
 Adjusted 1.3 (0.9, 1.5) ‡ 0.001*
WC (cm)
Baseline 106.6 ± 9.2 103.9 ± 9.3 −2.7 (−6.1, 0.7) 0.118
16 weeks
 Unadjusted 101 ± 9.1 103.1 ± 9.7 2.2 (−1.3, 5.6) 0.223
 Adjusted 4.8 (1.9, 7.7) ‡ 0.002*
WHR
Baseline 0.94 ± 0.07 0.96 ± 0.08 0.02 (0.01, 0.04) 0.293
16 weeks
 Unadjusted 0.91 ± 0.07 0.96 ± 0.08 0.05 (0.01, 0.06) 0.005*
 Adjusted 0.03 (0.004, 0.06) ‡ 0.028*
Body fat percentage
Baseline 37.9 ± 9.5 36.2 ± 8.4 - 1.7 (−5.1, 1.5) 0.295
16 weeks
 Unadjusted 36.4 ± 9.5 36.2 ± 8.3 - 0.2 (−3.4,3.1) 0.928
 Adjusted 3.0 (0.7, 5.3) ‡ 0.011*
SBP (mmHg)
Baseline 135.8 ± 8.3 135.9 ± 8.6 −0.1 (− 3.1, 3.2) 0.939
16 weeks
 Unadjusted 122.2 ± 6.3 130.5 ± 10.5 8.3 (5.1, 11.4) 0.001*
 Adjusted 8.3 (5.0, 11.6) ‡ 0.001*
DBP (mmHg)
Baseline 88.0 ± 6.1 88.1 ± 6.1 0.1 (− 2.1, 2.3) 0.938
16 weeks
 Unadjusted 79.9 ± 5.7 86.9 ± 6.2 7.0 (4.8, 9.2) 0.001*
 Adjusted 6.9 (4.6, 9.1) ‡ 0.001*
  1. BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure; WC, waist circumference; WHR, waist hip ratio
  2. Intervention vs. placebo
  3. Difference between placebo and cinnamon groups adjusted for BMI and a adjusted for baseline weight except weight using analysis of covariance
  4. §Values were presented as mean ± SD and median (min - max)
  5. * p value <0.05