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Table 1 Characteristics of H-type hypertension population with or without diabetes

From: Relation of four nontraditional lipid profiles to diabetes in rural Chinese H-type hypertension population

Variables Total (n = 2944) Non-diabetes (n = 2672) Diabetes (n = 272) P value
Age (years) 57.09 ± 11.29 56.81 ± 11.39 59.84 ± 9.85 <0.001
Male (%) 1960 (66.6) 1789 (67.0) 171 (62.9) 0.174
Race     0.065
 Han (%) 2751 (93.4) 2504 (93.7) 247 (90.8)  
 Others (%) 193 (6.6) 168 (6.3) 25 (9.2)  
Education     0.231
 low 1529 (51.9) 1375 (51.5) 154 (56.6)  
 middle 1147 (39.0) 1049 (39.3) 98 (36.0)  
 high 268 (9.1) 248 (9.3) 20 (7.4)  
Family income (CNY/year)     0.340
 ≤ 5000 652 (22.1) 590 (22.1) 62 (22.8)  
 5000–20,000 1648 (56.0) 1506 (56.4) 142 (52.2)  
 > 20,000 644 (21.9) 576 (21.6) 68 (25.0)  
Physical activity     0.021
 low 2559 (86.9) 2337 (87.5) 222 (81.6)  
 moderate 290 (9.9) 251 (9.4) 39 (14.3)  
 high 95 (3.2) 84 (3.1) 11 (4.0)  
 Current smoking status (%) 1429 (48.5) 1306 (48.9) 123 (45.2) 0.250
 Current drinking status (%) 882 (30.0) 793 (29.7) 89 (32.7) 0.297
 Diet score 2.26 ± 1.17 2.27 ± 1.17 2.20 ± 1.17 0.392
 BMI (kg/m2) 24.75 ± 3.71 24.60 ± 3.70 26.21 ± 3.52 <0.001
 WC (cm) 84.24 ± 9.88 83.74 ± 9.83 89.17 ± 9.01 <0.001
 SBP (mmHg) 147.09 ± 25.58 145.88 ± 25.19 158.94 ± 26.37 <0.001
 DBP (mmHg) 83.37 ± 12.46 83.08 ± 12.34 86.26 ± 13.30 <0.001
 SCr (mmol/L) 75.74 ± 28.34 75.60 ± 218.88 77.70 ± 22.33 0.407
 FPG (mmol/L) 5.82 ± 1.56 5.46 ± 0.57 9.29 ± 3.17 <0.001
 TG (mmol/L) 1.38 ± 1.59 1.28 ± 1.33 2.35 ± 2.99 <0.001
 TC (mmol/L) 3.79 ± 1.14 3.72 ± 1.06 4.40 ± 1.62 <0.001
 LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.14 ± 0.76 2.11 ± 0.73 2.45 ± 0.90 <0.001
 HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.43 ± 0.44 1.45 ± 0.44 1.30 ± 0.42 <0.001
 TG/HDL-C ratio (mmol/L) 1.38 ± 1.59 1.28 ± 1.33 2.35 ± 2.99 <0.001
 TC/HDL-C ratio (mmol/L) 3.79 ± 1.14 3.72 ± 1.06 4.40 ± 1.62 <0.001
 LDL-C/HDL-C ratio (mmol/L) 2.14 ± 0.76 2.11 ± 0.73 2.45 ± 0.90 <0.001
 non-HDL-C (mmol/L) 3.66 ± 0.99 3.62 ± 0.97 4.04 ± 1.10 <0.001
 History of stroke (%) 350 (12.2) 289 (11.1) 61 (22.8) <0.001
 History of CVD (%) 451 (15.7) 384 (14.7) 67 (25.1) <0.001
 Medication used a (%) 1658 (56.3) 1479 (55.4) 179 (65.8) 0.001
  1. Data are expressed as the mean (SD) or as n (%). CNY, China Yuan (1CNY = 0.154 USD).
  2. BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, non-HDL-C non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SCr serum creatinine, CVD cardiovascular disease
  3. aIndicating any self-reported medication used in the past two weeks