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Table 1 Lipid Categories: Representation of the structures of the eight lipid categories [19]

From: Plasmalogen lipids: functional mechanism and their involvement in gastrointestinal cancer

Lipid Categories Molecular structures Representative functions
Fatty acids Major lipid building block of complex lipids.
Glycerolipids Membrane constituents, metabolic fuels and signaling molecules.
Glycerophospholipids Components of the lipid bilayer of cells.
Sphingolipids Formed by a sphingoid base backbone.
Sterol lipids Important components of membrane lipids and function as hormones.
Prenol lipids Function as antioxidants.
Polyketides Commonly used antimicrobial, antiparasitic and anticancer agents.
Saccharolipids Components of membrane lipids.