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Table 3 Correlations between fatty acid intake and other dietary nutrients partialling out the contribution of total energy

From: Omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid intake of children and older adults in the U.S.: dietary intake in comparison to current dietary recommendations and the Healthy Eating Index

7- to 12-year-olds n-3 intake n-6 intake HEI score Fiber Vit. B6 Vit. B12 Vit. C Vit. D Vit. E Calcium Potassium Phosphorus Pant. Acid Niacin Zinc Choline
n-6/n-3 ratio −0.59*** 0.29*** −0.15* 0.05 −0.19* − 0.22** − 0.28*** − 0.37*** 0.21** − 0.29*** − 0.26** − 0.3*** −0.29*** − 0.15* −0.35*** − 0.35***
n-3 intake   0.48*** 0.26** −0.03 0.19** 0.23** 0.28*** 0.28*** 0.18* −0.03 0.13 −0.01 0.24** 0.2** 0.12 0.14*
n-6 intake    0.12 −0.09 −0.05 −0.06 − 0.1 −0.23** 0.47*** −0.31*** − 0.3*** −0.28*** − 0.09 −0.01 − 0.26** −0.24**
HEI score     0.6*** 0.34*** 0.26*** 0.23** 0.38*** 0.28*** 0.35*** 0.61*** 0.48*** 0.41*** 0.28*** 0.32*** 0.43***
Fiber      0.29*** 0.11 0.2** 0.2** 0.22** 0.23** 0.58*** 0.37*** 0.25** 0.23** 0.2** 0.26***
Vit. B6       0.78*** 0.3*** 0.43*** 0.12 0.26*** 0.21** 0.24** 0.82*** 0.63*** 0.41*** 0.18*
Vit. B12        0.31*** 0.41*** 0.08 0.25** 0.2** 0.22** 0.78*** 0.5*** 0.31*** 0.24**
Vit. C         0.57*** 0.06 0.08 0.26** 0.09 0.39*** 0.39*** 0.22** 0.23**
Vit. D          0.05 0.47*** 0.46*** 0.47*** 0.57*** 0.51*** 0.53*** 0.42***
Vit. E           −0.01 0.07 0.02 0.17* 0.18* 0.14* −0.04
Calcium            0.57*** 0.83*** 0.33*** 0.07 0.44*** 0.33***
Potassium             0.75*** 0.35*** 0.15* 0.36*** 0.7***
Phosphorus              0.36*** 0.15* 0.47*** 0.61***
Pant. Acid               0.62*** 0.61*** 0.37***
Niacin                0.6*** 0.24**
Zinc                 0.41***
65- to 79-year-olds* n-3 intake n-6 intake HEI score Fiber Vit. B6 Vit. B12 Vit. C Vit. D Vit. E Calcium Potassium Phosphorus Pant. Acid Niacin Zinc Choline
n-6/n-3 ratio −0.47*** 0.35** −0.21* −0.002 0.03 −0.04 −0.22* −0.22* 0.12 −0.33*** −0.3** −0.18 −0.01 −0.24* − 0.29* −0.1
n-3 intake   0.61*** 0.39*** 0.07 0.19 0.17 0.23* 0.34** 0.1 0.17 0.08 0.12 0.12 0.32** 0.21* 0.02
n-6 intake    0.17 0.02 0.26* 0.12 0.02 0.11 0.17* −0.13 −0.26* −0.15 0.16 0.06 −0.09 − 0.06
HEI score     0.51*** 0.19 0.18 0.24* 0.2* 0.37*** 0.3** 0.67*** 0.49*** 0.21* 0.21* 0.31** −0.03
Fiber      0.09 0.08 0.14 0.16 0.36** 0.27* 0.7*** 0.4*** 0.12 0.12 0.22* −0.16
Vit. B6       0.69*** 0.25* 0.21* 0.09 0.23* 0.11 0.13 0.83*** 0.04 0.31** −0.03
Vit. B12        0.24* 0.24* 0.13 0.39*** 0.16 0.36** 0.79*** 0.11 0.61*** −0.01
Vit. C         0.14 0.1 0.31** 0.21* 0.2* 0.25* 0.1 0.37*** −0.05
Vit. D          0.12 0.29** 0.11 0.3** 0.23* 0.44*** 0.24* 0.08
Vit. E           0.19 0.23* 0.26* 0.23* 0.02 0.1 −0.21*
Calcium            0.43*** 0.48*** 0.42*** 0.35** 0.53*** −0.05
Potassium             0.56*** 0.18 0.11 0.34** 0.02
Phosphorus              0.28** 0.29** 0.38*** 0.11
Pant. Acid               0.13 0.37*** −0.004
Niacin                0.07 0.02
Zinc                 0.02
  1. Note. *Partial correlations for older adults were calculated also partialling out the contribution of having a college degree. n-6/n-3 ratio: Omega-6 to omega-3 ratio; n-6: omega-6; n-3: omega-3; HEI: Health Eating Index; Vit.: Vitamin; Pant.: Pantothenic. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.0001