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Table 2 Dietary intakes of energy and nutrients in treatment groups before and after intervention

From: Powdered black cumin seeds strongly improves serum lipids, atherogenic index of plasma and modulates anthropometric features in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

N Powdered Black Cumin Treated Placebo treated P
N = 20 N = 20
Energy (kcal/d)
 Before 2251.90 ± 349.58 2208.95 ± 327.80 0.69
 After 2236.40 ± 248.27 2265.45 ± 270.73 0.72
P‡ 0.77 0.32  
Carbohydrate (%)
 Before 57.11 ± 2.90 57.07 ± 3.78 0.97
 After 57.24 ± 2.71 57.58 ± 3.32 0.72
P‡ 0.26 0.67  
Protein (%)
 Before 15.73 ± 1.68 15.07 ± 1.29 0.17
 After 15.77 ± 1.36 15.10 ± 1.81 0.19
P‡ 0.94 0.94  
 Fat (%)
 Before 27.34 ± 2.15 26.57 ± 2.32 0.28
 After 26.56 ± 1.96 26.13 ± 2.48 0.55
P‡ 0.51 0.51  
Vitamin E (mg/d)
 Before 2.98 ± 1.08 3.43 ± 1.48 0.36
 After 2.89 ± 1.64 3.40 ± 1.19 0.28
P‡ 0.80 0.96  
Vitamin C (mg/d)
 Before 79.75 ± 22.69 75.67 ± 17.24 0.52
 After 78.37 ± 11.84 75.45 ± 15.36 0.59
P‡ 0.77 0.91  
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD. P values for ANCOVA after adjustment for age, duration of the disease and baseline concentration of parameter; ‡P values for paired t-test