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Table 2 Anthropometric and biochemical in study groups pre and post intervention

From: Effect of Gum Arabic (Acacia Senegal) supplementation on visceral adiposity index (VAI) and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus as indicators of cardiovascular disease (CVD): a randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial

  Gum Arabic (n = 46) Pectin (n = 45)
Pre Post Mean difference 95 % CI of the Difference P value Pre Post Mean difference 95 % CI of the Difference P value
Lower Upper Lower Upper
Weight (kg) 72.86 ± 15.72 71.40 ± 16.26 1.45 0.42 2.49 0.007 77.07 ± 13.84 77.08 ± 13.83 −0.01 −0.05 0.02 0.437
Waist C.(cm) 98.65 ± 12.41 97.35 ± 11.98 1.30 −0.36 2.97 0.121 94.76 ± 14.90 96.13 ± 15.18 −1.38 −3.32 0.56 0.159
Hip C.(cm) 106.76 ± 13.54 104.07 ± 12.38 2.70 0.77 4.62 0.007 106.44 ± 14.67 103.84 ± 14.04 2.60 −0.94 6.14 0.146
TG (mmol/l) 1.54 ± 0.63 1.37 ± 0.59 0.17 −0.01 0.35 0.061 1.10 ± 0.54 1.10 ± 0.53 0.00 −0.03 0.03 0.958
HDL(mmol/l) 1.10 ± 0.39 1.32 ± 0.61 −0.22 − 0.38 −0.05 0.011 1.15 ± 0.39 1.16 ± 0.40 −0.01 −0.04 0.02 0.442
WHR 0.93 ± 0.08 0.94 ± 0.08 −0.01 −0.03 0.01 0.258 0.89 ± 0.10 0.92 ± 0.09 −0.02 −0.05 0.01 0.139
BMI (kg/m2) 27.66 ± 5.37 27.09 ± 5.49 0.57 0.16 0.98 0.007 29.96 ± 6.54 29.96 ± 6.54 0.00 −0.02 0.01 0.501
BAI 33.90 ± 7.46 32.58 ± 6.85 1.32 0.36 2.27 0.008 34.38 ± 8.65 33.10 ± 8.21 1.29 −0.49 3.07 0.152
VAI 3.17 ± 2.29 2.42 ± 1.82 0.75 0.11 1.38 0.022 2.08 ± 1.55 2.05 ± 1.48 0.03 −0.06 0.12 0.469
DAAT,cm2 190.92 ± 70.88 184.85 ± 66.48 6.07 −2.49 14.62 0.16 153.65 ± 67.37 160.86 ± 69.39 −7.21 −17.51 3.08 0.165
LAP,cm.mmol/l 61.28 ± 39.46 52.44 ± 35.29 8.84 1.18 16.49 0.025 41.65 ± 32.86 42.77 ± 30.23 −1.12 −3.61 1.36 0.367
SBP (mmHg) 131.74 ± 16.37 121.74 ± 8.77 10.00 6.69 13.31 0.000 128.44 ± 14.45 125.11 ± 12.90 3.33 0.77 5.90 0.012
DBP (mmHg) 80.00 ± 9.89 77.61 ± 8.48 2.39 −0.49 5.27 0.102 78.22 ± 8.86 78.44 ± 8.52 −0.22 −2.82 2.38 0.864
  1. Values are presented as (Mean ± SD); Abbreviations: Hip C Hip circumference, TG Triglycerides, HDL High density lipoprotein, WHR Waist to hip ratio, BMI Body Mass Index, BAI Body Adiposity Index, VAI Visceral Adiposity Index, DAAT Deep abdominal adipose tissue, LAP Lipid accumulation product, SBP Systolic Blood Pressure and DBP: Diastolic Blood Pressure
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