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Table 2 Association between handgrip strength and hypertension stratified by gender

From: Handgrip strength is positively related to blood pressure and hypertension risk: results from the National Health and nutrition examination survey

  Men (N = 1587) Women (N = 1960)
β S.E. OR (95% CI) P β S.E. OR (95% CI) P
Model
Model 1: unadjusted − 0.083 0.058 0.921 (0.822, 1.032) 0.154 −0.098 0.071 0.907 (0.789, 1.043) 0.169
Model 2: adjusted for age and BMI 0.206 0.087 1.229 (1.036, 1.458) 0.018 0.007 0.117 1.007 (0.800, 1.268) 0.950
Model 3: as Model 2 and smoking and drinking 0.216 0.091 1.241 (1.038, 1.484) 0.018 −0.009 0.122 0.991 (0.781, 1.257) 0.939
  1. BMI body mass index. Handgrip was transformed into age and sex specific SD scores (z-score)