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Table 3 Association in men between handgrip strength and hypertension stratified by two BMI categories

From: Handgrip strength is positively related to blood pressure and hypertension risk: results from the National Health and nutrition examination survey

  Underweight & Normal (N = 563) Overweight & Obese (N = 1292)
β S.E. OR (95%CI) P β S.E. OR (95%CI) P
Model
Model 1: unadjusted −0.106 0.127 0.899 (0.701, 1.153) 0.402 −0.047 0.079 0.954 (0.817, 1.115) 0.557
Model 2: adjusted for age and BMI 0.127 0.158 1.136 (0.833, 1.549) 0.421 0.253 0.109 1.288 (1.041, 1.594) < 0.05*
Model 3: as Model 2 and smoking and drinking 0.030 0.171 1.030 (0.737, 1.440) 0.863 0.270 0.112 1.311 (1.053, 1.631) < 0.05*
  1. BMI body mass index. All participants were categorized into two strata according to BMI value: Underweight & Normal (BMI < 25) and Overweight & Obese (BMI ≥25). Handgrip was transformed into age and sex specific SD scores (z-score). * P < 0.05