Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparison of anthropometric measurements and metabolic profile of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (POCS) and normal healthy females

From: A study of ghrelin and leptin levels and their relationship to metabolic profiles in obese and lean Saudi women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

  Groupa Mean SD p
Age (years) PCOS 25.61 0.39 0.135
Control 24.67 0.50
Body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) PCOS 28.66 0.58 0.339
Control 27.77 0.73
Weight/height ratio PCOS 0.84 0.008 < 0.0001
Control 0.76 0.007
Cholesterol (mmol/L) PCOS 4.32 0.07 < 0.0001
Control 3.64 0.05
Triglyceride (mmol/L) PCOS 1.08 0.03 < 0.0001
Control 0.86 0.03
HDL-C (mmol/L) PCOS 1.08 0.02 < 0.0001
Control 1.27 0.03
LDL-C (mmol/L) PCOS 2.44 0.05 < 0.0001
Control 1.71 0.05
Leptin (ng/ml) PCOS 25.56 1. 37 0.833
Control 26.05 1.84
Ghrelin (ng/ml) PCOS 0.42 0.013 0.200
Control 0.45 0.015
Insulin (pmol/L) PCOS 97.98 5.20 < 0.0001
Control 73. 37 3.48
Glucose (mmol/L) PCOS 5.05 0.045 < 0.0001
Control 4.71 0.045
HOMA-IR (insulin resistance) PCOS 3.23 0.18 < 0.0001
Control 2.28 0.11
HOMA-S (insulin sensitivity) PCOS 180.66 10.07 0.770
Control 184.70 9.32
  1. Groupa = PCOS- 130; Control- 122
  2. SEM Standard error of the mean; p = < 0.05 is statistically significant
  3. HOMA Homeostatic model assessment