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Table 4 Correlation between ghrelin levels and clinical and metabolic profile of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (POCS) and healthy controls

From: A study of ghrelin and leptin levels and their relationship to metabolic profiles in obese and lean Saudi women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Correlation of ghrelin levels and PCOS (n = 130) Control (n = 122)
r p r p
Age 0.108 0.2213 0.118 0.1955
Body mass index (BMI) −0.292 0.0007** − 0.196 0.0305*
Weight/height ratio −0.209 0.0170* 0.114 0.2112
Cholesterol −0.215 0.0140* 0.048 0.5996
Triglyceride −0.199 0.0232* 0.019 0.8354
HDL-C 0.207 0.0181* 0.021 0.8184
LDL-C −0.229 0.0088* 0.071 0.4371
Glucose 0.129 0.1435 0.109 0.2320
Insulin −0.347 0.0001** − 0.251 0.0053*
Leptin −0.251 0.0040* −0.248 0.0059*
HOMA-IR (insulin resistance) −0.279 0.001** − 0.637 < 0.0001**
HOMA-S (insulin secretion) − 0.293 0.001** − 0.257 0.004**
  1. HOMA Homeostatic model assessment
  2. *Significant (p < 0.05)
  3. **Highly significant (p < 0.001)