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Table 5 Correlation of homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and the clinical and metabolic profile of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (POCS) and healthy controls

From: A study of ghrelin and leptin levels and their relationship to metabolic profiles in obese and lean Saudi women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Correlation between HOMA-IR and: PCOS Control
r p r p
Age −0.183 0.038* 0.144 0.115
Body mass index (BMI) 0.342 0.0001** 0.634 < 0.0001**
Weight/height ratio 0.212 0.024* 0.518 < 0.0001**
Cholesterol 0.168 0.057 0.382 < 0.0001**
Triglyceride 0.325 0.0001** 0.350 < 0.0001**
HDL-C −0.210 0.016* −0.389 < 0.0001**
LDL-C 0.268 0.002** 0.529 < 0.0001**
Leptin 0.316 0.0001** 0.611 < 0.0001**
fasting ghrelin −0.279 0.001** −0.637 < 0.0001**
Fasting insulin 0.970 0.0001** 0.984 < 0.0001**
Fasting glucose 0.463 0.0001** 0.560 < 0.0001**
HOMA-S (insulin secretion) 0.698 0.0001** 0.405 < 0.0001**
  1. *Significant (p < 0.05)
  2. ** Highly Significant (p < 0.001)