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Table 6 Correlation of homeostasis model assessment of insulin sensitivity (HOMA-S) and the clinical and metabolic profile of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (POCS) and healthy controls

From: A study of ghrelin and leptin levels and their relationship to metabolic profiles in obese and lean Saudi women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Correlation between HOMA-S and: PCOS Control
r p r p
Age −0.320 < 0.0001** 0.074 0.420
Body mass index (BMI) 0.194 0.027* 0.317 < 0.0001**
Weight/height ratio 0.180 0.056 0.343 < 0.0001**
Cholesterol 0.079 0.370 0.145 0.111
Triglyceride 0.185 0.035* 0.153 0.095
HDL-C −0.265 0.002** −0.118 0.199
LDL-C 0.175 0.047* 0.168 0.065
Leptin 0.175 0.046* 0.326 < 0.0001**
Fasting ghrelin −0.293 0.001** −0.257 0.004**
Fasting insulin 0.832 < 0.0001** 0.540 < 0.0001**
Fasting glucose −0.210 0.017* −0.415 < 0.0001**
HOMA-IR (insulin resistance) 0.698 < 0.0001** 0.405 < 0.0001**
  1. *Significant (p < 0.05)
  2. ** Highly Significant (p < 0.001)