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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population: the CASPIAN-V study

From: Are non-high–density lipoprotein fractions associated with pediatric metabolic syndrome? The CASPIAN-V study

Variable Boy Girl Total P-value
Age (year)a 12.39 (3.1) 12.17 (3.1) 12.28 (3.1) < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2)a 18.48 (4.9) 18.53 (4.4) 18.51 (4.7) 0.565
Waist (cm)a 67.65 (12.8) 65.76 (11.3) 66.72 (1.2) < 0.001
SBP (mmHg) a 99.55 (13.4) 98.77 (12.8) 99.17 (13.0) < 0.001
DBP (mmHg) a 64.08 (10.7) 63.57 (10.1) 63.83 (10.4) 0.004
TG (mg/dl)a 87.15 (45.5) 89.02 (44.7) 88.04 (4.5) 0.201
HDL-C (mg/dl)a 46.21 (10.1) 46.15 (9.7) 46.18 (9.9) 0.863
LDL-C (mg/dl)a 89.31 (22.9) 90.86 (22.2) 90.05 (22.6) 0.034
TC (mg/dl)a 152.95 (28.0) 154.82 (26.6) 153.84 (27.4) 0.035
FBS (mg/dl)a 92.06 (12.9) 91.19 (11.1) 91.64 (12.1) 0.027
Non-HDL-C (mg/dl)a 106.74 (25.8) 108.66 (24.4) 107.66 (25.1) 0.018
Diff-Chol (mg/dl)a 17.43 (9.1) 17.80 (8.9) 17.60 (9.0) 0.201
TG/HDLa 2.03 (1.3) 2.08 (1.3) 2.05 (1.3) 0.265
MetSb 108 (5.5) 80 (4.5) 188 (5.0) 0.174
Low HDLb 658 (32.7) 476 (26.0) 1134 (29.5) < 0.001
High LDLb 341 (16.9) 333 (18.2) 674 (17.5) 0.310
High TCb 100 (5.0) 89 (4.9) 189 (4.9) 0.878
Abdominal obesityb 1550 (21.6) 1422 (20.5) 2972 (21.1) 0.087
High FBSb 96 (4.8) 65 (3.8) 161 (4.2) 0.060
High TGb 541 (26.9) 524 (28.6) 1065 (27.7) 0.228
High SBPb 210 (3.0) 228 (3.3) 438 (3.1) 0.255
High DBPb 746 (10.5) 704 (10.2) 1450 (10.4) 0.510
High BPb 815 (11.5) 789 (11.4) 1604 (11.5) 0.45
  1. aData are presented as mean (SD)
  2. bData are presented as number (percentage)
  3. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, BP blood pressure, TG triglycerides, FBG fasting blood glucose, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, TC total cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  4. low HDL: < 40 mg/dL (except in boys 15–19 y old, that cut-off was < 45 mg/dL); high LDL: > 110 mg/dL; high TG: 100 mg/dL; high TC: > 200 mg/dL; elevated FBS > 100 mg/dL; high blood pressure: > 90th (adjusted by age, sex, height)