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Table 2 Associations between atherogenic indices and metabolic characteristics: the CASPIAN-V study

From: Are non-high–density lipoprotein fractions associated with pediatric metabolic syndrome? The CASPIAN-V study

Variable Model ZBMI WC SBP DBP TG HDL-C LDL-C TC FBS
B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE)
Non-HDL-C (mg/dl) Model I 0.001 (0.00) 0.001 (0.00) 0.001(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.80(0.02)* 0.01 (0.00)* 0.83(0.00)* 1.01(0.00)* 0.02(0.00)*
Model II 0.001(0.00) 0.01 (0.00) 0.01(0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 0.79 (0.02)* 0.01 (0.00) 0.84(0.00)* 1.01(0.00)* 0.02(0.00)*
Model III 0.00(0.00) 0.00(0.00) 0.78(0.02)* 0.01 (0.00) 0.84(0.00)* 1.01(0.00)* 0.02(0.00)*
Diff-C (mg/dl) Model I 0.001(0.00)* 0.03 (0.02) 0.03(0.02) 0.02(0.01) 0.23(0.04)* −0.28(0.01)* 0.25(0.04)* 0.96(0.04)* 0.22(0.02)*
Model II 0.001 (0.00)* 0.04(0.02) 0.03(0.02) 0.02(0.01) 0.20(0.03)* −0.30(0.01)* 0.29(0.04)* 0.98(0.05)* 0.22(0.02)*
Model III 0.01(0.02) 0.01(0.01) 0.19(0.02)* −0.29(0.01)* 0.29(0.04)* 0.99(0.05)* 0.22(0.02)*
Atherogenic index Model I 0.04(0.01)* 0.28(0.14) 0.17(0.15) 0.14(0.12) 30.92(0.22)* −3.88(0.10)* 0.10(0.27) 2.40(0.32)* 1.30(0.14)*
Model II 0.03(0.01)* 0.26(0.13) 0.11(0.15) 0.14(0.12) 30.60(0.24)* −3.99(0.11)* 0.26(0.29) 2.39(0.35)* 1.30(0.15)*
Model III 0.00(0.15) 0.06(0.12) 30.57(0.24)* −3.98(0.11)* 0.26(0.29) 2.39(0.35)* 1.31(0.15)*
  1. * Statistically significantSBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, BP blood pressure, TG triglycerides, FBG fasting blood glucose, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, TC total cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, WC waist circumference, zBMI z score of body mass index
  2. Non–HDL-C concentration was calculated by subtracting HDL-C value from total cholesterol concentration
  3. Diff-C was defined as the difference between total amount of non-HDL cholesterol and LDL-C (Diff-C = [non-HDL-C]-[LDL-C]). Atherogenic index as the ratio between TG and HDL-C concentrations
  4. Model I: crude model
  5. Model II: adjusted for age, sex, living area, screen time, SES and physical activity
  6. Model III: additionally adjusted for BMI except for zBMI and WC