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Table 2 Blood pressure and LDL-C goal attainment rates for 17,096 hypertension patients based on age, different life styles, duration of hypertension and treatment types in different Tier hospitals and departments

From: Blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol control status in Chinese hypertensive dyslipidemia patients during lipid-lowering therapy

Index Hypertension goal achievement % (N) LDL-C goal achievement % (N) Both BP and LDL-C goal achievement % (N)
Total (n = 17,096)
Age (years)
31.9% (5450) 60.1% (10,281) 22.9% (3971)
≥ 65 (n = 9769) 34.6% (3377) 58.6% (5726) 23.6% (2302)
< 65 (n = 7327) 28.3% (2073) 62.2% (4555) 22.0% (1615)
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 0.019
Duration of Hypertensiona (years)
 < 5 (n = 5036) 34.8% (1754) 63.8% (3212) 26.0% (1310)
 ≥ 5 (n = 10,588) 32.9% (3485) 58.8% (6225) 23.2% (2460)
P-value 0.018 < 0.001 0.001
 BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2b
 Yes (n = 2658) 25.1% (667) 55.8% (1482) 17.4% (462)
 No (n = 14,432) 33.1% (4779) 60.9% (8794) 23.9% (3451)
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Smoking
 Current smoker (n = 2105) 27.9% (587) 59.4% (1250) 20.0% (422)
 Previous smoker (n = 3099) 28.3% (876) 63.6% (1972) 20.4% (631)
 Non-smoker (n = 11,892) 33.5% (3987) 59.4% (7059) 24.1% (2864)
P-value < 0.001 0.001 < 0.001
Drinking alcohol
 Yes (n = 1572) 24.6% (387) 59.2% (931) 19.0% (298)
 No (n = 13,795) 33.4% (4602) 60.1% (8285) 23.8% (3288)
 Gave up drinking (n = 1729) 26.7% (461) 61.6% (1065) 19.1% (331)
P-value < 0.001 0.347 < 0.001
Sedentary lifestyleb
 Yes (n = 3595) 29.3% (1054) 58.0% (2086) 19.8% (712)
 No (n = 13,500) 32.6% (4396) 60.7% (8195) 23.7% (3205)
P-value 0.000 0.004 < 0.001
Family history of cardiovascular diseaseb
 Yes (n = 1744) 32.7% (570) 60.8% (1060) 23.2% (404)
 No (n = 15,348) 31.8% (4879) 60.1% (9218) 22.9% (3513)
P-value 0.448 0.561 0.795
Comorbidities
 CKD (n = 1502) 19.8% (297) 59.3% (890) 14.8% (222)
 Diabetes (n = 6289) 16.8% (1059) 46.0% (2895) 9.3% (583)
 CHD (n = 6958) 20.3% (1410) 54.9% (3821) 12.8% (889)
 CVD (n = 3363) 28.4% (956) 53.3% (1793) 16.8% (566)
 Heart failure (n = 757) 25.8% (198) 58.9% (452) 17.1% (131)
 Peripheral vascular disease (n = 215) 22.3% (48) 55.3% (119) 13.5% (29)
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Number of comorbidities
 0 (n = 4597) 58.8% (2703) 76.7% (3525) 48.3% (2219)
 1 (n = 7522) 24.3% (1830) 57.0% (4289) 15.3% (1152)
 2 (n = 3659) 18.3% (670) 50.8% (1860) 11.0% (403)
 ≥ 3 (n = 1318) 18.7% (247) 46.1% (607) 10.8% (143)
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Tier of Hospitals
 Tier 1 (n = 4117) 36.0% (1483) 55.3% (2277) 24.6% (1011)
 Tier 2 (n = 4433) 32.1% (1424) 60.3% (2672) 22.9% (1014)
 Tier 3 (n = 8546) 29.8% (2543) 62.4% (5332) 22.1% (1892)
P-value < 0.001 0.010 0.010
Department
 General medicine (n = 4476) 34.0% (1520) 53.1% (2375) 21.5% (963)
 Geriatric (n = 2034) 36.9% (750) 65.9% (1341) 27.8% (566)
 Endocrine (n = 2246) 19.9% (446) 48.9% (1098) 12.4% (278)
 Neurology (n = 2062) 28.5% (588) 58.6% (1208) 19.5% (402)
 Cardiology (n = 5079) 32.0% (1626 67.8% (3444) 25.2% (1282)
 Otherc(n = 1199) 43.4% (520) 68.0% (815) 35.5% (426)
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Hypertension treatment
 Monotherapy (n = 8641) 36.2% (3125) 58.9% (5091) 25.9% (2241)
 Combination therapy (n = 6732) 32.4% (2184) 63.4% (4268) 23.6% (1591)
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. Note: The Chi-squared test was used for categorical variables, while Fisher’s exact test was used only when the number of patients in some units was <5. BP achievement goals were SBP/DBP < 140/90 mmHg for uncomplicated hypertension, < 150/90 mmHg for the elderly (≥ 65 years) and < 130/80 mmHg for those with diabetes, coronary heart or renal disease. LDL-C achievement goals for LDL-C treatment were < 4.1 mmol/L for low risk, < 3.4 mmol/L for moderate risk, < 2.6 mmol/L for high risk and < 2.0 mmol/L for very high-risk patients. CKD, chronic kidney disease; CHD, chronic heart disease; CVD, cerebrovascular disease.a indicates that data from 1472 patients were not available
  2. b Indicates that data for 6 patients were not available
  3. CKD, chronic kidney disease; CHD, coronary heart disease; CVD, cerebrovascular disease; BP, blood pressure; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; BMI, body mass index
  4. c Others were departments except general medicine, geriatric, endocrinology, neurology and cardiology