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Table 1 Colorectal cancer related changes of lipid species content in various biological samples

From: Changes in lipids composition and metabolism in colorectal cancer: a review

Research material Lipid species Lipid fraction Direction of change Reference
Cancer tissue 14:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
   total lipids Qiu et al. (2014) [179]
  16:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Li et al. (2013) [178]
   ceramides Chen et al. (2015) [183]
    Chen et al. (2016) [184]
   lysophosphatidylcholines Mirnezami et al. (2014) [177]
    Li et al. (2013) [178]
   lysophosphatidic acid Li et al. (2013) [178]
  18:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Zhang et al. (2013) [86]
   free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
   total lipids Li et al. (2013) [178]
   ceramides Chen et al. (2015) [183]
    Chen et al. (2016) [184]
   lysophosphatidylcholines Li et al. (2013) [178]
   lysophosphatidic acid Li et al. (2013) [178]
  20:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
   ceramides Chen et al. (2015) [183]
    Chen et al. (2016) [184]
  22:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
   sphingomyelin Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  24:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
   free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
   ceramides Chen et al. (2015) [183]
    Chen et al. (2016) [184]
  26:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
  14:1 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
   free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
  16:1 n-7 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Zhang et al. (2013) [86]
   total lipids Qiu et al. (2014) [179]
  16:1 n-7 free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
    Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  18:1 n-9 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Zhang et al. (2013) [86]
  18:1 n-9 free fatty acids Guo et al. (2014) [175]
    Chen et al. (2015) [183]
  18:1 n-9 lysophosphatidylcholines Mirnezami et al. (2014) [177]
    Li et al. (2013) [178]
  20:1 free fatty acids Guo et al. (2014) [175]
    Chen et al. (2015) [183]
  22:1 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
  22:1 free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
  24:1 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
  24:1 free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
  24:1 ceramides Chen et al. (2015) [183]
    Chen et al. (2016) [184]
  24:1 sphingomyelin Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  26:1 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
  18:2 n-6 total lipids Zhang et al. (2013) [86]
  18:2 n-6 total lipids Yang et al. (2015) [130]
  20:2 n-6 total lipids Zhang et al. (2013) [86]
  20:2 n-6 free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
  20:4 n-6 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Zhang et al. (2013) [86]
  20:4 n-6 free fatty acids Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  20:4 n-6 lysophosphatidylcholines Li et al. (2013) [178]
  20:3 n-6 total lipids Zhang et al. (2013) [86]
    Yang et al. (2015) [130]
  22:4 n-6 free fatty acids Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  22:4 n-6 free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
  20:5 n-3 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Yang et al. (2015) [130]
  20:5 n-3 free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
  20:5 n-3 total lipids Zhang et al. (2013) [86]
  20:5 n-3 free fatty acids Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  22:6 n-3 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Yang et al. (2015) [130]
  22:6 n-3 free fatty acids Chen et al. (2015) [183]
  22:6 n-3 total lipids Zhang et al. (2013) [86]
  22:6 n-3 lysophosphatidylcholines Li et al. (2013) [178]
  malondialdehyde   Skrzydlewska et al. (2005) [154]
  4-hydroxynonenal   Skrzydlewska et al. (2005) [154]
  1,2-DG-36:3   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  Cer-d18:0/H24:0   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  Cer-t18:0/24:0(2OH)   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  GlcCer-30:1   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  PA-31:0   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  PA-34:0   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  PA-36:2   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  PA-38:3   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  PA-40:5   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  PC-16:0/16:1   Kurabe et al. (2013) [176]
  PC-16:0/18:1   Mirnezami et al. (2014) [177]
  PC-32:1   Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  PC-34:1   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
    Li et al. (2013) [178]
  PC-36:1   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  PC-38:4   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  PC-38:6   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  PE-34:4   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  PE-38:4   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  PG 38:4   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  PG-36:1   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  PI-38:4   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  PS-41:0   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  PS-43:4   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  PS-44:6   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  PS-44:8   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
  SM-22:0   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  SM-24:1   Guo et al. (2014) [175]
  TG-54:0   Alexander et al. (2017) [206]
serum 14:0 total lipids Kondo et al.. (2011) [85]
   total lipids Mika et al.. (2017) [22]
  15:0 total lipids Kondo et al.. (2011) [85]
  18:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Kondo et al. (2011) [85]
  22:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
  24:0 total lipids Kondo et al. (2011) [85]
  26:0 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Kondo et al. (2011) [85]
  28:0 total lipids Kondo et al. (2011) [85]
  30:0 total lipids Kondo et al. (2011) [85]
  18:1 n-9 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
  26:1 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
  18:2 n-6 total lipids Zhu et al. (2014) [134]
  18:3 n-6 total lipids Kondo et al. (2011) [85]
  18:3 n-3 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
    Zhu et al. (2014) [134]
  20:5 n-3 total lipids Mika et al. (2017) [22]
  9,10-DiHOME   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  12,13-DiHOME   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  9-HpODE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  9-HODE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  9-KODE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  13-HpODE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  13-HODE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  13-KODE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  19-HETE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  20-HETE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  12-keto-LTB4   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  PGE2   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  2-hydroxy-PGE2   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  5-HpETE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  5-HETE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  LTD4   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  LTE4   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  14,15-LTE4   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  12-keto-LTB4   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  5S,6R-LXA4   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  12-HETE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  15-HETE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
    Chen et al. (2003) [166]
  8-HETE   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  14,15-DHET   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  8,9-DHET   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  5,6-DHET   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  14,15-EET   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  8-iso-PGF2α   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  8-iso-PGE2   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  2,3-dinor-8-iso-PGF2α   Zhang et al. (2017) [153]
  GTA-446   Ritchie et al. (2010) [168]
    Hata et al. (2017) [170]
plasma 16:0 total lipids Okuno et al. (2013) [172]
   total lipids Butler et al. (2017) [87]
  18:0 total lipids Butler et al. (2017) [87]
  24:0 total lipids Okuno et al. (2013) [172]
  16:1 n-7 total lipids Butler et al. (2017) [87]
  18:1 n-9 total lipids Butler et al. (2017) [87]
  20:1 total lipids Okuno et al. (2013) [172]
  20:1 free fatty acids Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  18:2 n-6 total lipids Butler et al. (2017) [87]
  18:3 n-6 total lipids Butler et al. (2017) [87]
  20:2 n-6 free fatty acids Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  20:3 n-6 total lipids Butler et al. (2017) [87]
  20:5 n-3 total lipids Okuno et al. (2013) [172]
  22:4 n-6 free fatty acids Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  18:3 n-3 total lipids Butler et al. (2017) [87]
  Cer-d18:1/26:4   Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  LPC-18:2   Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  LPC-18:3   Shen et al. (2017) [89]
    Li et al. (2013) [178]
  PE-18:1/20:2   Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  PE-18:2/18:1   Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  PG-18:0/16:0   Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  SM-38:8   Shen et al. (2017) [89]
  SM-d18:1/24:1   Shen et al. (2017) [89]
erythrocyte 18:0 total lipids Neoptolemos et al. (1988) [218]
  20:0 total lipids Okuno et al. (2013) [172]
  18:1 n-9 total lipids Neoptolemos et al. (1988) [218]
  24:1 total lipids Okuno et al. (2013) [172]
  20:4 n-6 total lipids Neoptolemos et al. (1988) [218]
  20:5 n-3 total lipids Okuno et al. (2013) [172]
adipose tissue 16:1 n-9 total lipids Cottet et al. (2015) [217]
  20:1 total lipids Neoptolemos et al. (1988) [218]
  18:3 n-6 total lipids Giuliani et al. (2014) [92]
  20:3 n-6 total lipids Giuliani et al. (2014) [92]
    Cottet et al. (2015) [217]
  22:4 n-6 total lipids Giuliani et al. (2014) [92]
    Okuno et al. (2013) [172]
  18:3 n-3 total lipids Giuliani et al. (2014) [92]
    Cottet et al. (2015) [217]
  18:4 n-3 total lipids Giuliani et al. (2014) [92]
  22:5 n-3 total lipids Cottet et al. (2015) [217]
  1. Cer ceramide, DG diacylglycerol, DHET dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid, DiHOME dihydroxyoctadecenoic acid, EET epoxyeicosatrienoic acid, GlcCer glucosylceramide, HETE hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, HODE hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid, HpETE hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid, HpODE hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid, KODE ketooctadecadienoic acid, LPC lysophosphatidylcholine, LT leukotriene, LX lipoxin, PA phosphatidic acid, PC phosphatidylcholine, PE phosphorylethanolamine, PG phosphatidylglycerol, PGE/F prostaglandin E/F, PI phosphatidylinositol, PS phosphatidylserine, SM sphingomyelin, TG triacylglycerol